Reproductive Health (cont.)
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Fertility and Infertility
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Infertility is the term health care providers use for women who are unable to get pregnant, and for men who are unable to impregnate a woman, after at least one year of trying.
In women, the term is used to describe those who are of normal childbearing age, not those who can't get pregnant because they are near or past menopause. Women who are able to get pregnant but who cannot carry a pregnancy to term (birth) may also be considered infertile.
Infertility is a complex problem – it does not have a single cause because getting pregnant is a multi-step chain of events. The cause of infertility can rest in the women or the man, or can be from unknown factors or a combination of factors.
Contraception, also known as birth control, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Some types of birth control include (but are not limited to):
The choice of birth control depends on factors such as a person's overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire to have children in the future, and family history of certain diseases. A woman should talk to her health care provider about her choice of birth control method.
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Reproductive Health - Experience Question: Please describe your menstrual cycle and menopause.
Reproductive Health - Pregnancy Question: Did you see a doctor before you got pregnant? Please share your experience.
Reproductive Health - Infertility Question: Please discuss your experience with infertility work-ups and treatment.