Repetitive Motion Disorders (RMDs) (cont.)
Is there any treatment for repetitive motion disorders?
for RMDs usually includes reducing or stopping the motions that cause symptoms.
Options include taking breaks to give the affected area time to rest, and adopting stretching and relaxation exercises. Applying ice to the
affected area and using medications such as pain relievers, cortisone, and
can reduce pain and swelling. Splints may be able to
relieve pressure on the muscles and nerves. Physical therapy may relieve the
soreness and pain in the muscles and joints. In rare cases, surgery may be
required to relieve symptoms and prevent permanent damage. Some employers have
developed ergonomic programs to help workers adjust their pace of work and
arrange office equipment to minimize problems.
What is the prognosis for repetitive motion disorders?
Most individuals with RMDs recover completely and can avoid re-injury by
changing the way they perform repetitive movements, the frequency with which
they perform them, and the amount of time they rest between movements. Without
treatment, RMDs may result in permanent injury and complete loss of function in
the affected area.
What research is being done?
Much of the on-going research on
RMDs is aimed at prevention and rehabilitation. The National Institute of
Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) funds research on RMDs.
Select this link to view a list of studies currently seeking patients.
Last Editorial Review: 1/6/2005
Source: National Institutes of Health (www.nih.gov)