Renal Artery Stenosis (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

Which patients can benefit from surgical procedures for renal artery stenosis?

In patients with renal failure due to bilateral renal artery stenosis (narrowing on both kidneys), angioplasty procedures for both renal arteries may improve or stabilize kidney function. Similarly, in hypertensive patients with unilateral (one-sided) renal artery stenosis, angioplasty procedures of the involved renal artery may cure or improve the high blood pressure. Patients with milder degrees of stenosis (less than a 75% reduction in the width of the renal artery lumen) usually do not benefit from angioplasty. These patients need to be followed by sequential imaging procedures to detect further narrowing (progression) to the point of treatable stenosis. At that point, angioplasty procedures can be done with the hope of a favorable response.

Some studies have suggested that patients with a very high degree of renal vascular resistance (which reflects permanent damage to the kidneys), even with a 75% or more stenosis of the renal artery, often have a poor response to the angioplasty procedures. (The tension of the blood vessels to the kidney, called renal vascular resistance, is measured by Doppler ultrasonography. A so-called resistive index over 0.8 is considered very high). In these patients, angioplasty is usually not done and the high blood pressure or renal failure is managed only by the customary therapeutic measures for these problems as described previously.

Medically reviewed by Paul A. Skudder, Jr., MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialties in Vascular Surgery and Surgical Critical Care

REFERENCES:

eMedicine, "Renal Artery Stenosis."
eMedicine, "Renal Artery Stenosis/Renovascular Hypertension."
Previous contributing author and editor: Dwight Makoff, M.D. and Leslie J. Schoenfield, M.D., Ph.D.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/7/2014

Patient Comments

Viewers share their comments

Renal Artery Stenosis - Cause Question: What was the cause of your renal artery stenosis?
Renal Artery Stenosis - Diagnosis Question: How was your renal artery stenosis diagnosed?
Renal Artery Stenosis - Treatment Question: What types of treatment, including medication, have you received for renal artery stenosis?
Renal Artery Stenosis - Surgery Question: Have you had surgery for renal artery stenosis? Please describe your experience.