Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What is the treatment for diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Giardia Lamblia Article
    • What is giardiasis?
    • Who is at risk for giardiasis?
    • What signs and symptoms does giardiasis cause?
    • How is giardiasis diagnosed?
    • How is giardiasis treated?
    • How can giardiasis be prevented?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli Facts
    • What is E. coli?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • What are the symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is a E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Norovirus Infection Article
    • Norovirus infection facts
    • What is a norovirus?
    • What causes a norovirus infection?
    • What are norovirus infection symptoms and signs in adults, children, and babies?
    • What is the incubation period for a norovirus infection? How long are people infected with norovirus contagious?
    • How is a norovirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for norovirus infections in adults, children, and babies?
    • What are possible complications of a norovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a norovirus infection?
    • Can norovirus infections be prevented? Is there a vaccine?
    • Where can people get more information about norovirus infections?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Symptoms and signs of AIDS include pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Article
    • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) facts
    • What does AIDS stand for? What causes AIDS?
    • What is the history of AIDS?
    • What are symptoms and signs of AIDS?
    • What are risk factors for developing AIDS?
    • How is AIDS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    • What is the treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What is the treatment for non-HIV-infected people who are exposed to the genital secretions or blood someone with HIV?
    • What are the complications of HIV?
    • What is the prognosis for HIV infection?
    • Can HIV infection be prevented?
    • Is there a vaccine for HIV?
    • What research is being done to find a cure for HIV?
    • Where can a person find information about clinical trials for HIV and AIDS?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?

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