Q Fever (cont.)

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Is there a vaccine against Q fever?

There is no vaccine approved in the U.S. for the prevention of Q fever, although there is a vaccine used in Australia.

Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?

Because the organism that causes Q fever is so highly infectious, Coxiella burnetii has been researched as a bioterrorism weapon. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) rate Coxiella burnetii as a class B priority agent, in a classification scheme where class A agents have the most potential for harm and class C agents the least.

Where can people find more information about Q fever?

Excellent information about Q fever can be found at the web site of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/.

REFERENCES:

Brooke, R.J., M.E. Kretzschmar, N.T. Mutters, and P.F. Teunis. "Human dose response relation for airborne exposure to Coxiella burnetii." BMC Infect Dis. 13.1 Oct. 2013: 488.

Carcopino, X., D. Raoult, F. Bretelle, L. Boubli, and A. Stein. "Managing Q Fever During Pregnancy: The Benefits of Long-Term Cotrimoxazole Therapy." Clin Infect Dis 45.5 Sept. 1, 2007: 548-555.

Cleveland, Kerry O. "Q Fever." Medscape.com. Aug. 29, 2013. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/227156-overview>.

Hartzell, J.D., R.N. Wood-Moris, L.J. Martinez, and R.F. Trotta. "Q Fever: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment." Mayo Clin Proc 83.5 May 2008: 574-579.

Rotz, L.D., Khan AS, Lillibridge SR, Ostroff SM, and Hughes JM. Public Health Assessment of Potential Biological Terrorism Agents. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Feb;8(2):225-30 http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/8/2/01-0164.htm.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Diagnosis and Management of Q Fever -- United States, 2013 Recommendations from CDC and the Q Fever Working Group." MMWR 013;62(No. RR-3): 1-32.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/3/2014

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