Q Fever

  • Medical Author:

    Dr. Eddie Hooker is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Services Administration at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. He is also an Associate Clinical Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Louisville and at Wright State University. His areas of expertise include emergency medicine, epidemiology, health-services management, and public health.

  • Medical Author: Mary K. Bister, MD
  • Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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Is there a vaccine against Q fever?

There is no vaccine approved in the U.S. for the prevention of Q fever, although there is a vaccine used in Australia.

Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?

Because the organism that causes Q fever is so highly infectious, Coxiella burnetii has been researched as a bioterrorism weapon. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) rate Coxiella burnetii as a class B priority agent, in a classification scheme where class A agents have the most potential for harm and class C agents the least.

Where can people find more information about Q fever?

Excellent information about Q fever can be found at the web site of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/.

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease

REFERENCES:

Brooke, R.J., M.E. Kretzschmar, N.T. Mutters, and P.F. Teunis. "Human dose response relation for airborne exposure to Coxiella burnetii." BMC Infect Dis. 13.1 Oct. 2013: 488.

Carcopino, X., D. Raoult, F. Bretelle, L. Boubli, and A. Stein. "Managing Q Fever During Pregnancy: The Benefits of Long-Term Cotrimoxazole Therapy." Clin Infect Dis 45.5 Sept. 1, 2007: 548-555.

Cleveland, Kerry O. "Q Fever." Medscape.com. Aug. 29, 2013. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/227156-overview>.

Hartzell, J.D., R.N. Wood-Moris, L.J. Martinez, and R.F. Trotta. "Q Fever: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment." Mayo Clin Proc 83.5 May 2008: 574-579.

Rotz, L.D., Khan AS, Lillibridge SR, Ostroff SM, and Hughes JM. Public Health Assessment of Potential Biological Terrorism Agents. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Feb;8(2):225-30 http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/8/2/01-0164.htm.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Diagnosis and Management of Q Fever -- United States, 2013 Recommendations from CDC and the Q Fever Working Group." MMWR 013;62(No. RR-3): 1-32.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/4/2015
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