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- What is pyridostigmine-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for pyridostigmine-oral?
- Is pyridostigmine-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for pyridostigmine-oral?
- What are the side effects of pyridostigmine-oral?
- What is the dosage for pyridostigmine-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with pyridostigmine-oral?
- Is pyridostigmine-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about pyridostigmine-oral?
What is pyridostigmine-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Pyridostigmine (Mestinon) is an oral cholinesterase inhibitor. Acetylcholine is one of many neurotransmitters in our bodies. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that help our cells communicate with each other. Depending on the organ that it acts upon, acetylcholine produces different effects. One important function of acetylcholine is to produce muscle contractions and movement. In people with myasthenia gravis or people treated with neuromuscular blocking medicines there is a decrease in the levels of acetylcholine. In such cases pyridostigmine may be used to increase acetylcholine levels and improve muscle contraction or movement. Pyridostigmine increases the concentration of acetylcholine at nerve junctions by inhibiting cholinesterase, the enzyme that destroys acetylcholine.
In comparison to neostigmine (Bloxiverz, Prostigmin), another cholinesterase inhibitor, pyridostigmine has a longer duration of action. Pyridostigmine was approved by the FDA for the treatment of myasthenia gravis in 1955.
What brand names are available for pyridostigmine-oral?
Is pyridostigmine-oral available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for pyridostigmine-oral?
What are the side effects of pyridostigmine-oral?
Possible side effects of pyridostigmine therapy include:
- stomach cramps,
- the digestion process (creased peristalsis)
- increased salivation,
- increased bronchial secretions,
- pupil constriction (miosis),
- muscle cramps,
- muscle twitching, and
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