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- Pulmonary hypertension facts
- How is pulmonary hypertension defined?
- What is pulmonary hypertension?
- What are primary (idiopathic) and secondary pulmonary hypertension?
- 8 signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension
- What causes of pulmonary hypertension
- What causes idiopathic pulmonary (primary) pulmonary hypertension?
- How common is pulmonary hypertension?
- What kind of doctor treats pulmonary hypertension?
- How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for pulmonary hypertension?
- What medications treat pulmonary hypertension?
- Is there a cure for pulmonary hypertension?
- What is the life expectancy for pulmonary hypertension?
8 signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension
Many people with pulmonary hypertension may have no symptoms at all, especially if the disease is mild or in the early stages.
Pulmonary hypertension symptoms may include:
- Shortness of breath that worsens with activity
- Other common complaints are cough, fatigue, dizziness, and lethargy.
- With the advancement of the condition and ensuing right heart failure, shortness of breath may become worse and retention of fluid in the body may increase (due to failure of the heart to pump blood forward) resulting in swelling the legs.
- People may also complain of chest pain and angina.
- Depending on the underlying associated disease, pulmonary artery hypertension can have other manifestations. For example, characteristic skin changes seen in scleroderma, or the signs of liver disease seen in portopulmonary hypertension.
Signs of pulmonary hypertension may include:
- Rapid breathing, hypoxia (low oxygen level in the blood), and swelling in the legs.
- In severe pulmonary hypertension, the health care professional may hear louder than normal components of heart sounds when he or she listens to the heart with a stethoscope (auscultation).
- The doctor may also feel elevation of the chest wall when the heart pumps and this may indicate enlargement of the right side of the heart suggestive of pulmonary hypertension (right ventricular heave).