Puberty Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Puberty. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Puberty or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, formerly referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scoliosis Article
    • Scoliosis facts
    • What is scoliosis?
    • What causes scoliosis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
    • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
    • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
    • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
    • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
  • Ingrown Hair Ingrown hairs may be caused by improper shaving, waxing or blockage of the hair follicle. Symptoms and signs of ingrown hairs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ingrown Hair Article
    • Ingrown hair facts
    • What is an ingrown hair?
    • What causes an ingrown hair?
    • Who develops ingrown hairs?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an ingrown hair?
    • Are ingrown hairs the same as razor bumps or pseudofolliculitis?
    • Are there any home remedies for an ingrown hair?
    • What is the treatment for an ingrown hair?
    • Do ingrown hairs affect the entire body?
    • How is an ingrown hair diagnosed?
    • Does diet have anything to do with ingrown hairs?
    • What else could an ingrown hair look like?
    • Can ingrown hairs be prevented?
  • Acne (Pimples) Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acne (Pimples) Article
    • What is acne?
    • What causes acne?
    • What other skin conditions can mimic acne?
    • When should you start acne treatment?
    • What can you do about acne on your own?
    • What are other things you can do for acne? Are there any home remedies for acne?
    • What is a good basic skin regimen?
    • What can the doctor do for acne?
    • How would you sum up current-day acne treatment?
  • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gum Disease Article
    • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
    • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontital disease?
    • What causes gum disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
    • How is gum disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gum disease?
    • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
    • Can gum disease be reversed?
    • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
    • How is gum disease managed in children?
    • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
    • Can gum disease be prevented?
    • Is gum disease contagious?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia Facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Myasthenia Gravis Myasthenia gravis, a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease. Varying degrees of weakness of the voluntary muscles of the body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myasthenia Gravis Article
    • Myasthenia gravis facts*
    • What is myasthenia gravis?
    • What causes myasthenia gravis?
    • What is the role of the thymus gland in myasthenia gravis?
    • What are the symptoms of myasthenia gravis?
    • Who gets myasthenia gravis?
    • How is myasthenia gravis diagnosed?
    • How is myasthenia gravis treated?
    • What are myasthenic crises?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating of the underarms, palms, or soles of the feet. Treatment may involve over-the-counter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Article
    • Hyperhidrosis facts
    • What is hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the cause of hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the treatment of hyperhidrosis?
  • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lymphedema Article
    • Lymphedema facts
    • What is lymphedema?
    • What causes lymphedema?
    • What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What are possible treatments for lymphedema?
    • What are complications of lymphedema?
    • Can lymphedema be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
    • Where can one get help and support for lymphedema?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Menstruation Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed....learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstruation Article
    • Menstruation facts*
    • What is menstruation?
    • What is the menstrual cycle?
    • What happens during the menstrual cycle?
    • What is a typical menstrual period like?
    • What kinds of problems do women have with their periods?
    • When does a girl usually get her first period?
    • How long does a woman have periods?
    • When should I see a doctor about my period?
    • How often should I change my pad/tampon?
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures such as compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) Article
    • What is a broken bone (fracture)?
    • What causes a broken bone?
    • What are the most common types of broken bones?
    • Compression fracture
    • Skull fracture
    • Stress fracture
    • What are the most common bones that are broken?
    • Broken hand or fingers
    • Broken wrist
    • Broken hip
    • Broken leg
    • Broken toe
    • Broken shoulder
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a broken bone?
    • When should I call a doctor if I think I have broken a bone?
    • How is a broken bone diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken bone?
    • What about surgery for a broken bone?
    • How can fractures be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a broken bone?
  • Thymoma Thymoma is an uncommon cancer of the thymus gland. Many thymomas are asymptomatic. When symptoms do occur, they include chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thymoma Article
    • Thymoma facts
    • What is thymoma?
    • What causes thymoma, and what are risk factors for thymoma?
    • What are signs and symptoms of thymoma?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with thymoma?
    • How is thymoma diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of thymoma?
    • What is the treatment for thymoma?
    • What is the prognosis for thymoma?
    • Can thymoma be prevented?
  • Masturbation Just about everybody masturbates. Masturbation itself is the self-stimulation of the male or female genitals to achieve sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Masturbation Article
    • Introduction to masturbation
    • Who masturbates?
    • Why do people masturbate?
    • Is masturbation normal?
    • Is masturbation harmful?
  • Turner Syndrome Turner syndrome is an inherited chromosomal condition affecting women. Women with Turner syndrome do not have ovarian function,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Turner Syndrome Article
    • Turner syndrome facts
    • What is Turner syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Turner syndrome?
    • How is Turner syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Turner syndrome?
    • Is Turner syndrome inherited?
  • Gilbert Syndrome Gilbert syndrome is a benign genetic condition that causes abnormal breakdown of bilirubin, a compound that is formed when...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gilbert Syndrome Article
    • What is Gilbert syndrome?
    • What causes Gilbert syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Gilbert syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for Gilbert syndrome?
  • Hemophilia Hemophilia is one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemophilia Article
    • Hemophilia facts
    • What is hemophilia?
    • What causes hemophilia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemophilia?
    • How is hemophilia diagnosed?
    • Is it possible to know if you are a carrier of hemophilia?
    • What are treatments for hemophilia?
    • What are complications of treatment?
    • Inhibitors
    • Infections
    • Can hemophilia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for hemophilia?
    • What are possible future treatments for hemophilia?
  • Sexual Health Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Health Article
    • What is the most common cause of sex problems among men and women?
    • What is the most common sexual problem in men?
    • What is the true definition of erectile dysfunction -- and what are the most common causes?
    • What causes sexual dysfunction in women?
    • What causes pain in the penis?
    • Why do some women have painful intercourse?
    • What is retrograde ejaculation, and how is it treated?
    • Is having an erection for an extended period of time dangerous?
    • Which medications commonly cause sex problems for men or women?
    • Is it true that sex can actually give some people a headache?
  • Steroid Abuse Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Abuse Article
    • Anabolic steroid abuse facts
    • What are anabolic steroids?
    • Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • How do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • Are anabolic steroids addictive?
    • What are the psychological and physical side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • How are anabolic steroid abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Can anabolic steroid abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on anabolic steroid abuse?
  • Alpha Thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a disorder in which the alpha globin protein is underproduced. There are two pairs of genes that carry the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha Thalassemia Article
    • Alpha thalassemia facts*
    • What is alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the symptoms of alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the types of alpha thalassemia?
    • How common is alpha thalassemia?
    • What genes are related to alpha thalassemia?
    • How do people inherit alpha thalassemia?
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome is a condition characterized by severe floppiness (hypotonia), poor growth, delayed development, and poor...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prader-Willi Syndrome Article
    • Prader-Willi syndrome facts*
    • What is Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and physical features of Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • How common is, and what causes Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Can Prader-Willi syndrome be inherited?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find additional information about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What if I still have specific questions about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find general information about genetic conditions?
  • Poland Syndrome Poland syndrome is a congenital malformation that affects one side of the body. Characteristics of Poland syndrome include the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Poland Syndrome Article
    • Poland syndrome facts
    • What is Poland syndrome?
    • Can Poland syndrome affect either side of the body?
    • How frequent is Poland syndrome?
    • What causes Poland syndrome?
    • What are the features of Poland syndrome?
    • What other defects are associated with Poland syndrome?
    • Does Poland syndrome run in families?
    • How is Poland syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Poland syndrome treated?
    • What are the related (alternative) terms?
    • For more information
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Gum Problems Gum problems may be caused by improper brushing and flossing, gum disease, canker sores, treatments and hormonal changes....learn more »
    In This Article
    Gum Problems Article
    • Gum health introduction
    • What are common gum problems?
    • What causes gum problems?
    • What are the risk factors for gum problems?
    • What are signs and symptoms of gum problems?
    • Can gum problems be a sign of something serious?
    • How are gum problems treated?
    • What's the best way to care for your gums?
    • Can gum problems be prevented?
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Myopia Myopia, or nearsightedness, makes it difficult to focus on objects that are far away. The condition runs in families and occurs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myopia Article
    • Introduction to Myopia
    • What causes Myopia?
    • What are the symptoms of Myopia?
    • How is Myopia diagnosed?
    • How is Myopia treated?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for mental health problems
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
  • Breast Anatomy The breast, or mammary gland is made up of lobules, milk producing glands, and a system of ducts to transport milk. Both males...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Anatomy Article
    • Breast facts
    • What are the breasts (mammary glands)?
    • What are the anatomical features of the breast?
    • What happens to the breasts in pregnancy?
    • How does breast tissue develop?
    • How are human breasts different from other species?
    • What are the most common medical conditions affecting the breasts?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Childhood Obesity Obesity means an excess amount of body fat. No general agreement exists on the definition of obesity in children as it does...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood Obesity Facts
    • Childhood Obesity Causes
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Diagnosis of Childhood Obesity
    • Childhood Obesity Treatment
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Follow-up
    • Prognosis of Obesity in Children and Adolescents
    • Support Groups and Counseling for Childhood Obesity
    • For More Information on Obesity in Children and Adolescents
    • Web Links
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?

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