Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms and Signs
Psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs include
- joint aches and stiffness,
- joint swelling,
- joint warmth and redness,
- joint pain and tenderness,
- loss of range of motion of the affected joints.
If the spine is affected, there can be pain and stiffness in the low back, buttocks, neck, and upper back. Tendons can also become inflamed, and if Achilles tendinitis is present, other symptoms can include limping, pain with walking, and pain with climbing stairs. Enthesitis, or the inflammation of the areas at which ligaments and tendons meet the bone, is often a feature of psoriatic arthritis.
Quick GuidePsoriatic Arthritis Symptoms, Treatment, Images
Psoriatic arthritis facts
- Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by a form of inflammation of the skin (psoriasis) and joints (inflammatory arthritis).
- Some 15%-25% of people with psoriasis also develop inflammation of joints (psoriatic arthritis).
- The first appearance of the skin disease (psoriasis) can be separated from the onset of joint disease (arthritis) by years.
- Psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs include
- Psoriatic arthritis belongs to a group of arthritis conditions that can cause inflammation of the spine (spondyloarthropathies).
- People with psoriatic arthritis can develop inflammation of tendons, cartilage, eyes, lung lining, and, rarely, the aorta.
- The arthritis of psoriatic arthritis is treated independently of the psoriasis, with exercise, ice applications, medications, and surgery.
What is psoriatic arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by a form of inflammation of the skin (psoriasis) and joints (inflammatory arthritis). Psoriasis is a common skin condition affecting 2% of the Caucasian population in the United States. Signs and symptoms include patchy, raised, red areas of skin inflammation with scaling. Psoriasis often affects the tips of the elbows and knees, the scalp and ears, the navel, and around the genital areas or anus. Approximately 15%-25% of patients who have psoriasis also develop an associated inflammation of their joints. Patients who have inflammatory arthritis and psoriasis are diagnosed as having psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis can cause swollen, red, and painfully inflamed joints.
The onset of psoriatic arthritis generally occurs in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Males and females are affected equally. The skin disease (psoriasis) and the joint disease (arthritis) often appear separately. In fact, the skin disease precedes the arthritis in nearly 80% of people. However, the arthritis may precede the psoriasis in up to 15% of patients. In some patients, the diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis can be difficult if the arthritis precedes psoriasis by many years. In fact, some patients have had arthritis for over 20 years before psoriasis eventually appears! Conversely, patients can have psoriasis for over 20 years prior to the development of arthritis, leading to the ultimate diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis is a systemic rheumatic disease that also can cause inflammation in body tissues away from the joints other than the skin, such as in the eyes, heart, lungs, and kidneys. Psoriatic arthritis shares many symptoms with several other arthritic conditions, such as ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and arthritis associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. All of these health conditions can cause inflammation in the spine and other joints, and the eyes, skin, mouth, and various organs. In view of their similarities and tendency to cause inflammation of the spine, these health conditions are collectively referred to as "spondyloarthropathies."
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/13/2017