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- Prostatitis facts
- Prostatitis definition
- What causes prostatitis?
- What are the risk factors for prostatitis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of prostatitis?
- When should I see my doctor for prostatitis?
- How is the diagnosis of prostatitis made?
- What is the treatment for prostatitis?
- What are the complications of prostatitis?
- What is the prognosis for prostatitis?
- Prostatitis conclusion
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What is the treatment for prostatitis?
The treatment for prostatitis depends on the underlying cause and type of prostatitis. Antibiotics are prescribed if the cause is a bacterial infection. All forms of prostatitis require supportive care, pain control if needed, and close follow-up with your health care professional. In certain instances, some individuals with prostatitis may require hospitalization. Treatment modalities may include the following:
- Antibiotics: Your doctor will decide the specific antibiotic and the duration of treatment.
- Anti-inflammatory medications: These can help manage your pain.
- Alpha-blockers: By relaxing the muscle fibers around the bladder and prostate gland, alpha-blockers may decrease your urinary symptoms and help you empty your bladder.
- Warm sitz baths
- Avoid alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods.
- Prostate massage: In a few studies, prostate massage has been shown to decrease symptoms in some patients with chronic nonbacterial prostatitis.
- Lifestyle changes: If you cycle or ride horses, it is recommended to suspend this activity until you improve.
- Alternative treatments: Although there are many herbal preparations available, there is no current evidence that herbal remedies are definitely helpful with prostatitis.
- Acupuncture: has shown a decrease in symptoms for some individuals suffering from prostatitis.
What are the complications of prostatitis?
There are several potential complications of prostatitis, which may include the following:
- acute prostatitis becoming chronic prostatitis,
- bladder outlet obstruction or urinary retention,
- abscess of the prostate gland,
- spreading of the infection to the blood stream (bacteremia/sepsis), and rarely
Prostatitis can elevate the PSA level. There is no evidence that prostatitis leads to prostate cancer. If the acute inflammation/episode of prostatitis has resolved, the PSA level will usually return to baseline levels.