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- Patient Comments: Prostate Problems - Type
- Patient Comments: Prostate Problems - Signs
- Patient Comments: Prostate Problems - PSA Test
- Patient Comments: Prostate Problems - Diagnosis
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- Prostate problems facts*
- Prostate problems introduction
- What is the prostate?
- What are common prostate problems?
- What is prostate cancer?
- How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
- How is prostate cancer treated?
- What is PSA testing?
- How can you protect yourself against prostate problems?
- Where can I get more information about prostate problems?
Quick GuideEnlarged Prostate (BPH) Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
What is PSA testing?
Some doctors think that men younger than 75 should have yearly PSA tests; others do not. Not all prostate cancers are life-threatening, and treatments can cause side effects. Sometimes high PSA levels can be caused by infections, BPH, or small cancers that may not grow or spread. Your doctor may prefer "watchful waiting" until there are signs that treatment is needed. Researchers are studying ways to improve the PSA test so that it detects only cancers that need treatment.
How can you protect yourself against prostate problems?
Remember that the following can be signs of a prostate problem:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Need to get up many times during the night to urinate
- Blood in urine or semen
- Painful or burning urination
- Not being able to urinate
- Painful ejaculation
- Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
- Dribbling of urine
If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.
Where can I get more information about prostate problems?
Here are some helpful resources:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
P.O. Box 8547
Silver Spring, MD 20907-8547
American Cancer Society
American Urological Association Foundation
1000 Corporate Boulevard
Linthicum, MD 21090
National Cancer Institute
Cancer Information Service
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
For more information on health and aging, contact:
To sign up for regular email alerts about new publications and other information from the NIA, go to www.nia.nih.gov/health.
Visit www.nihseniorhealth.gov, a senior-friendly website from the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine. This website has health and wellness information for older adults. Special features make it simple to use. For example, you can click on a button to make the type larger.
"Prostate Problems." National Institute on Aging. 6 Jan. 2014.