Prostate Problems

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Quick GuideEnlarged Prostate (BPH) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

What is PSA testing?

Some doctors think that men younger than 75 should have yearly PSA tests; others do not. Not all prostate cancers are life-threatening, and treatments can cause side effects. Sometimes high PSA levels can be caused by infections, BPH, or small cancers that may not grow or spread. Your doctor may prefer "watchful waiting" until there are signs that treatment is needed. Researchers are studying ways to improve the PSA test so that it detects only cancers that need treatment.

How can you protect yourself against prostate problems?

Remember that the following can be signs of a prostate problem:

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Need to get up many times during the night to urinate
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Not being able to urinate
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
  • Dribbling of urine

If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.

Where can I get more information about prostate problems?

Here are some helpful resources:

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Publications Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 8547
Silver Spring, MD 20907-8547
1-800-358-9295 (toll-free)
1-888-586-6340 (TDD/toll-free)

American Cancer Society
1-800-227-2345 (toll-free)
1-866-228-4327 (TTY/toll-free)

American Urological Association Foundation
1000 Corporate Boulevard
Linthicum, MD 21090
1-800-828-7866 (toll-free)

National Cancer Institute Cancer Information Service
1-800-422-6237 (toll-free)

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
1-800-891-5390 (toll-free)
1-866-569-1162 (TTY/toll-free)

For more information on health and aging, contact:

National Institute on Aging Information Center
P.O. Box 8057
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8057
1-800-222-2225 (toll-free)
1-800-222-4225 (TTY/toll-free)

To sign up for regular email alerts about new publications and other information from the NIA, go to

Visit, a senior-friendly website from the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine. This website has health and wellness information for older adults. Special features make it simple to use. For example, you can click on a button to make the type larger.


"Prostate Problems." National Institute on Aging. 6 Jan. 2014.

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  • Prostate Problems - Type

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  • Prostate Problems - Signs

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  • Prostate Problems - PSA Test

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  • Prostate Problems - Diagnosis

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  • Prostate Problems - Treatment

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