probenecid, (Benemid - brand no longer available)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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GENERIC NAME: probenecid

DISCONTINUED BRAND: Benemid

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

USES: Probenecid is used for the treatment of hyperuricemia associated with gout. It also is used for increasing blood levels of penicillin-type antibiotics (for example, ampicillin and amoxicillin) when treating gonorrhea.

SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of probenecid include:

Probenecid may cause a flare of gout and kidney stones, and it is not started during an acute attack of gout. Serious but rare side effects include reduced red blood cell counts (anemia), liver damage and severe allergic reactions.

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 0.5 g

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Probenecid blocks excretion of some drugs by the kidney and, therefore, may increase blood levels and side effects of methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), for example, ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen (Aleve), indomethacin (Indocin), ketorolac (Toradol) and others. Aspirin may reduce the action of probenecid through unknown mechanisms.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/5/2016

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