Prevention Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Prevention. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Prevention or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pernicious Anemia Article
    • Pernicious anemia facts
    • What is pernicious anemia?
    • What is megaloblastic anemia?
    • What causes pernicious anemia?
    • Is pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia?
    • What are the symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency/pernicious anemia?
    • How is pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    • Can pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is iliotibial band syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for iliotibial band syndrome? Can iliotibial band syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band syndrome?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (hormone replacement therapy, menopausal replacement therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis caused by long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy medication
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located?
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer risk factors?
    • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
    • How is breast cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of breast cancer?
    • Can breast cancer be prevented?
    • What research is being done on breast cancer? Should I participate in a clinical trial?
    • I may have breast cancer. What questions should I ask my doctor?
    • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
    • What type of breast cancer do I have?
    • What difference does a precise diagnosis make?
    • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
    • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate diagnosis?
    • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
    • What other studies should be done on my tissue biopsy?
    • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin treatment?
    • Should I stop taking postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT)?
    • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
    • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive cancer have lumpectomies?
    • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery?
    • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
    • Should my lymph nodes be removed?
    • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy and what are its benefits and risks?
    • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor?
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Article
    • What are vitamins, and why are they important?
    • Calcium
    • Vitamin D
    • Folic acid
    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B12
    • Vitamin B6
    • Thiamin (vitamin B1)
    • Niacin
    • Riboflavin
    • Vitamin K
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Birth Defects Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Defects Article
    • Birth defects facts*
    • What are birth defects?
    • What causes birth defects?
    • What are the different types of birth defects?
    • What are the treatments for birth defects?
  • Heart Attack Treatment A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Treatment Article
    • What is a heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack treated?
    • Antiplatelet agents
    • Aspirin
    • Thienopyridines
    • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
    • Anticoagulants
    • Clot-dissolving drugs
    • Coronary angiography and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    • Coronary artery stents
    • Nitrates
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
    • Beta blockers
    • Oxygen
    • Coronary artery bypass
    • What can a patient expect during recovery from a heart attack?
    • How can a second heart attack be prevented?
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy Planning Facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?
  • Cancer Prevention Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is cancer prevention?
    • Carcinogenesis
    • Cancer Risk factors
    • Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
    • Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
    • Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
    • Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk

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