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- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) facts
- What is premenstrual syndrome?
- How common is PMS?
- When was PMS discovered?
- What causes PMS?
- What are the symptoms of PMS?
- How is the diagnosis of PMS made?
- What conditions are like PMS?
- How is PMS distinguished from other conditions?
- What treatments are available for PMS?
- What medications are used to treat PMS?
- Are there herbal or natural remedies for PMS?
- Can exercise help relieve some of the symptoms of PMS?
- Is there a "cure" for PMS?
Quick GuidePremenstrual Syndrome: A Visual Guide to PMS Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) facts
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of specific physical and psychological features.
- Physical symptoms of PMS include breast tenderness and bloating.
- Psychological changes or PMS may include anger and depression.
- PMS occurs in the last half of a woman's menstrual cycle.
- The exact cause is unknown but is believed to be related to interactions between sex hormones and brain chemicals (neurotransmitters).
- PMS must be distinguished from other disorders that produce similar symptoms.
- A helpful diagnostic tool for PMS is a menstrual diary.
- Treatment options for PMS include exercise, a healthy lifestyle, emotional support from family and friends, and medications.
- Possible medical treatments for PMS include diuretics, pain killers, oral contraceptives, drugs that suppress ovarian function, and antidepressants.
What is premenstrual syndrome?
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of emotional, physical, psychological, and mood disturbances that occur after a woman's ovulation, typically ending with the onset of her menstrual flow. The most common mood-related symptoms are irritability, depression, crying, oversensitivity, and mood swings. The most common physical symptoms are fatigue, bloating, breast tenderness (mastalgia), acne, and appetite changes with food cravings.
A more severe form of PMS, known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), also known as late luteal phase dysphoric disorder, occurs in a smaller number of women and leads to significant loss of function because of unusually severe symptoms. The American Psychiatric Association characterizes PMDD as a severe form of PMS in which anger, irritability, and anxiety or tension are especially prominent.