Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) (cont.)

POI in teens

Receiving a diagnosis of POI can be emotionally difficult for teenagers and their parents. A teen may have a similar emotional experience as an adult who receives the diagnosis, but there are many aspects of the experience that are unique to being a teenager. It is important for parents, the teenager, and health care providers to work closely together to ensure that the teenager gets the right treatment and maintains her emotional and physical health in the long term. There are resources to provide advice and support for parents, teenagers, and health care providers.25

SOURCE: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI): Condition Information.

REFERENCES:

1. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2009). Premature ovarian failure: ACOG medical student teaching module [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

2. National Library of Medicine, Medline Plus. (2011). Premature ovarian failure. Retrieved January 4, 2012.

3. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2011). Primary ovarian insufficiency in the adolescent: Committee opinion no. 502. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 118, 741–745.

4. Nelson, L. M. (2009). Primary ovarian insufficiency. New England Journal of Medicine, 360, 606–614.

5. National Center for Biotechnical Information. (2010). Ovarian hypofunction. Retrieved January 12, 2012,

6. De Vos, M., Devroey, P., & Fauser, B. C. (2010). Primary ovarian insufficiency. Lancet, 376, 911–921.

7. Coulam, C. B., & Stern, J. J. (1991). Immunology of ovarian failure. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 25. 169–174.

8. Cordts, E. B., Christofolini, D. M., Dos Santos, A. A., Bianco, B., & Barbosa, C. P. (2011). Genetic aspects of premature ovarian failure: A literature review. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 283, 635–643.

9. Fridovich-Keil, J. L., Gubbels, C. S., Spencer, J. B., Sanders, R. D., Land, J. A., & Rubio-Gozalbo, E. (2011). Ovarian function in girls and women with GALT-deficiency galactosemia. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 34, 357–366

10. Trans-NIH Fragile X Research Coordinating Group and Scientific Working Groups. (2008). National Institutes of Health research plan on Fragile X syndrome and associated disorders. Retrieved January 4, 2012,

11. Kodaman, P. H. (2010). Early menopause: Primary ovarian insufficiency and surgical menopause. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine, 28, 360–369.

12. Welt, C. K. (2008). Primary ovarian insufficiency: A more accurate term for premature ovarian failure. Clinical Endocrinology, 68, 499–509.

13. Rebar, R. W. (2009). Premature ovarian failure. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 113, 1355–1363.

14. National Library of Medicine, MedlinePlus. (2010). Estrogen vaginal. Retrieved February 24, 2012.

15. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2003). Premature ovarian failure. Retrieved January 4, 2012.

16. Schmidt, P. J., Luff, J. A., Haq, N. A., Vanderhoof, V. H., Koziol, D. E., Calis, K. A., et al. (2011). Depression in women with spontaneous 46, XX primary ovarian insufficiency. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 96, E278–E287

17. Shelling, A. N. (2010). Premature ovarian failure. Reproduction, 140, 633-641.

18. Fridovich-Keil, J. L., Gubbels, C. S., Spencer, J. B., Sanders, R. D., Land, J. A., & Rubio-Gozalbo, E. (2011). Ovarian function in girls and women with GALT-deficiency galactosemia. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 34, 357–366.

19. Popat, V.B., Vanderhoof, V.H., Calis, K.A., Troendle, J.F., & Nelson, L.M. (2008). Normalization of serum lutenizing hormone levels in women with 46,XX spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency. Fertility and Sterility, 89(2), 429-433

20. NHLBI. (n.d.). Women's Health Initiative background and overview. Retrieved January 4, 2012

21. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2010). DRIs for calcium and vitamin D. Retrieved February 25, 2012.

22. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2009). At-a-glance: What you need to know about high blood cholesterol. Retrieved May 23, 2012.

23. Groff, A. A., Covington, S. N., Halverson, L. R., Fitzgerald, O. R., Vanderhoof, V., Calis, K., et al. (2005). Assessing the emotional needs of women with spontaneous premature ovarian failure. Fertility and Sterility, 83, 1734–1741.

24. Ventura, J. L., Fitzgerald, O. R., Koziol, D. E., Covington, S. N., Vanderhoof, V. H., Calis, K. A., et al. (2007). Functional well-being is positively correlated with spiritual well-being in women who have spontaneous premature ovarian failure. Fertility and Sterility ;87: 584–590.

25. Covington, S. N., Hillard, P. J., Sterling, E. W., Nelson, L. M., & POI Recovery Group. (2011). A family systems approach to primary ovarian insufficiency. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 24, 137–141.

26. National Institutes of Health. (2010). Too young for hot flashes? When menopause-like symptoms come too soon. NIH News in Health. Retrieved January 4, 2012.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/12/2013

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