Pregnancy Health Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Pregnancy Health. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Pregnancy Health or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes a urinary tract infection?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...learn more »
  • Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ectopic Pregnancy Article
    • Ectopic pregnancy facts
    • What is an ectopic pregnancy?
    • What are the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy?
    • How is ectopic pregnancy diagnosed?
    • What is the health risk of an ectopic pregnancy?
    • What treatment options are available for ectopic pregnancy?
  • Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance or overgrowth of certain types of bacteria within the vagina. Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bacterial Vaginosis Article
    • What is bacterial vaginosis?
    • What is the cause of bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are the complications of bacterial vaginosis?
    • How is bacterial vaginosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bacterial vaginosis?
    • Can bacterial vaginosis be prevented?
  • Abdominal Pain Abdominal pain is pain in the belly and can be acute or chronic. Causes include inflammation, distention of an organ, and loss...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain Article
    • Abdominal pain facts
    • What is abdominal pain?
    • What causes abdominal pain?
    • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
    • Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of the abdominal pain
    • Associated signs and symptoms of abdominal pain
    • Physical examination
    • Exams and tests
    • Special problem in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) of diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain
    • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
    • How can I help my doctor to determine the cause of my abdominal pain?
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular or abnormal vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemorrhoids Article
    • Definition of hemorrhoid
    • What causes hemorrhoids?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hemorrhoid?
    • What does a hemorrhoid look like?
    • How is the diagnosis of hemorrhoids made?
    • How are hemorrhoids treated?
    • OTC medications and home remedies for hemorrhoids
    • Non-surgical approaches
    • Hemorrhoid surgery
    • What is the prognosis for hemorrhoids?
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve can be caused of a variety of conditions, for example, carpal tunnel syndrome, herniated disc, sciatica,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • Pinched nerve facts
    • Introduction to pinched nerve
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • Pinched nerve in the neck or lower back
    • Pinched nerve in the wrist or elbow
    • Other causes of pinched nerve
    • What are the symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • How is a pinched nerve treated?
    • What is a patent's prognosis for a pinched nerve?
  • Fainting (Syncope) Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fainting (Syncope) Article
    • Fainting (syncope) Facts
    • Introduction to fainting (syncope)
    • What causes fainting (syncope)?
    • Heart rhythm changes
    • Heart structural conditions
    • Heart valve conditions
    • Sudden cardiac death
    • Postural hypotension
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Anemia
    • Dehydration
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Vertebrobasilar artery disease
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    • Other medications and drugs
    • Pregnancy
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fainting (syncope)?
    • How is fainting (syncope) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fainting (syncope)?
    • Can fainting (syncope) be prevented?
  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Article
    • Vaginal yeast infection facts
    • What is a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
    • How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What over-the-counter medications are available to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • When are oral prescription medications used to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • Can a man get a yeast infection from his sexual partner?
    • What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?
    • What is the treatment for yeast infection in men?
    • How can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?
    • How can a man protect himself from contracting a yeast infection from his partner?
  • Melasma Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melasma Article
    • Melasma facts
    • What is melasma? What are signs of melasma?
    • What causes melasma?
    • Where is melasma seen on the body?
    • What are the types of melasma?
    • How is melasma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for melasma?
    • What melasma treatments can I have at my doctor's office?
    • Do lasers work for melasma?
    • How does hydroquinone work in melasma?
    • Are there non-hydroquinone alternative treatments for melasma?
    • What is Tri-Luma?
    • What SPF is recommended for melasma?
    • Can melasma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melasma?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • High blood pressure facts
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • How is the blood pressure measured?
    • How is blood pressure defined?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • What are the different types of high blood pressure?
    • Isolated systolic high blood pressure
    • White coat high blood pressure
    • Borderline high blood pressure
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • The metabolic syndrome and obesity
    • What are the causes of secondary high blood pressure?
    • Renal (kidney) hypertension
    • Adrenal gland tumors
    • Coarctation of the aorta
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
  • Gallbladder Pain Gallbladder (gall bladder) pain can be caused by gallbladder disease such as gallstones or cholecystitis. Causes of gallbladder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Pain Article
    • What are the causes of gallbladder pain?
    • What is the mechanism of gallbladder pain?
    • What are the characteristics gallbladder pain?
    • What are the symptoms associated with gallbladder pain?
    • What are other biliary causes of pain?
    • What are other diseases to consider?
    • What is cholecystitis?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • Heartburn Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced from acid reflux (GERD). Symptoms of heartburn include chest pain, burning in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heartburn Article
    • Heartburn facts
    • Heartburn definition
    • What causes heartburn?
    • What are the symptoms of heartburn?
    • What foods and beverages aggravate heartburn?
    • How is heartburn diagnosed?
    • What are treatments and home remedies for heartburn?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • OTC and prescription medications
    • Surgical procedures
    • Heartburn during pregnancy
    • How can heartburn be prevented?
  • Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be treated with synthetic thyroid hormones to maintain the proper thyroid hormone balance....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy Article
    • Hypothyroidism during pregnancy facts
    • Introduction
    • What is the thyroid gland?
    • What happens with thyroid disease?
    • How is hypothyroidism treated during pregnancy?
    • What are the consequences of hypothyroidism during pregnancy?
    • How early does the mother's thyroid hormone affect the unborn baby?
    • What can be done to avoid the consequences of hypothyroidism in pregnancy?
  • Varicose Veins Varicose vein: A dilated (widened) tortuous (twisting) vein, usually involving a superficial vein in the leg, often associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Varicose Veins Article
    • Varicose veins and spider veins facts
    • What are veins and what is their function?
    • What are varicose veins and spider veins?
    • Varicose vein and spider vein pictures
    • Who gets varicose and spider veins?
    • What causes varicose and spider veins?
    • What are varicose vein symptoms?
    • How are varicose veins evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for varicose veins and spider veins?
    • How can compression stockings help with varicose veins?
    • What is sclerotherapy?
    • Pictures of sclerotherapy treatment
    • What are potential side effects and complications of sclerotherapy?
    • What surgical procedures are available to treat varicose veins?
    • Can laser be used to treat varicose and spider veins?
    • What type of doctors provide treatments for varicose and spider veins?
    • What are the side effects of these treatments?
    • How can varicose veins be prevented?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Infertility Infertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. The primary cause of infertility in men is a sperm disorder. In women,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infertility Article
    • Infertility facts*
    • What is infertility?
    • Is infertility a common problem?
    • Is infertility just a woman's problem?
    • What causes infertility in men?
    • What increases a man's risk of infertility?
    • What causes infertility in women?
    • What things increase a woman's risk of infertility?
    • How does age affect a woman's ability to have children?
    • How long should women try to get pregnant before calling their doctors?
    • How will doctors find out if a woman and her partner have fertility problems?
    • How do doctors treat infertility?
    • What medicines are used to treat infertility in women?
    • What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?
    • What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
    • How often is assisted reproductive technology (ART) successful?
    • What are the different types of assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
    • Surrogacy
    • Gestational carrier
    • For more information
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Malaria Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms of malaria include chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • Where is malaria a particular problem?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • Is malaria a particular problem during pregnancy?
    • Is malaria a particular problem for children?
    • Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for people with malaria?
    • Is there a vaccine for malaria?
    • Where can people get more information about malaria?
  • Placenta Previa Placenta previa is a condition during pregnancy when the placenta lies low in the uterus either partly or completely blocking the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Placenta Previa Article
    • Placenta previa facts
    • What is placenta previa?
    • What are the types of placenta previa?
    • Who is at risk for placenta previa?
    • What causes placenta previa?
    • What are the symptoms of placenta previa?
    • How is placenta previa diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for placenta previa?
    • What are possible complications of placenta previa?
    • Can placenta previa be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for placenta previa?
  • Fetal Movement: Feeling Baby Kick Week-by-Week Pregnancy can be one of the most joyous time in a couples life. Learn what your baby's first movements may feel like week by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Movement: Feeling Baby Kick Week-by-Week Article
    • Fetal Movement Introduction
    • When Will I Feel My Baby Kicking?
    • What Does the Baby Kicking Feel Like?
    • How Often Should I Feel My Baby Moving?
    • Should I Monitor My Baby's Kicking?
    • What If You Don't Feel Your Baby Moving?
    • Timeline of Baby Movement
  • Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but some common symptoms include mood changes, headaches, lower back pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Article
    • 8 fast pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Pregnancy symptoms in general
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • 8 signs and symptoms of later pregnancy
    • 8 options for relief of pregnancy symptoms
  • Care Before and During Pregnancy--Prenatal Care Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Article
    • What are vitamins, and why are they important?
    • Calcium
    • Vitamin D
    • Folic acid
    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B12
    • Vitamin B6
    • Thiamin (vitamin B1)
    • Niacin
    • Riboflavin
    • Vitamin K
  • Pregnancy: Trying to Conceive Trying to get conceive, or become pregnant can be challenging, frustrating, and an emotional rollercoaster for some couples....learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy: Trying to Conceive Article
    • Trying to Conceive Facts*
    • Fertility Awareness
    • Charting your fertility pattern
    • Basal body temperature method
    • Calendar method
    • Cervical mucus method
    • Infertility
    • Causes of infertility
    • Age
    • Health Problems
    • Lifestyle factors
    • Options for infertile couples
    • Treating infertility
    • Adoption
    • Foster care
    • Counseling and support groups
  • Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes is a condition that is first recognized during pregnancy and is characterized by high blood sugar....learn more »
    In This Article
    Gestational Diabetes Article
    • What is gestational diabetes?
    • What causes gestational diabetes?
    • What are risk factors for gestational diabetes?
    • What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
    • How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?
    • What are the consequences of gestational diabetes for the baby and mother?
    • What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
    • Can gestational diabetes be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for gestational diabetes?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Alcohol intake by a pregnant mother may result in fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in her child. A child with FAS may be hyperactive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Article
    • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are fetal alcohol syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome made?
    • What is the diagnosis "fetal alcohol effects"?
    • What problems are peculiar to children with fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • How much alcohol is safe during pregnancy?
    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome At A Glance
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Preeclampsia (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension) Preeclampsia is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother's urine. Preeclampsia typically begins after the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension) Article
    • Preeclampsia Facts*
    • What Is High Blood Pressure?
    • What Are the Effects of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy?
    • What Is Preeclampsia?
    • How Common Are High Blood Pressure and Preeclampsia in Pregnancy?
    • Who Is More Likely to Develop Preeclampsia?
    • What Are the Symptoms of Preeclampsia and How Is It Detected?
    • How Can Women with High Blood Pressure Prevent Problems During Pregnancy?
    • Does Hypertension or Preeclampsia During Pregnancy Cause Long-Term Heart and Blood Vessel Problems?
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy Planning Facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Pregnancy: Eating Right When Pregnant The amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy depends on your body mass index (BMI) before you became pregnant. Although...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy: Eating Right When Pregnant Article
    • Eating right when pregnant introduction
    • Goals for healthy eating when pregnant
    • Foods to avoid when pregnant
    • What to eat when pregnant and don't feel well
    • Can I diet while pregnant?
    • Can I eat a "low carb" diet when pregnant?
    • Can I maintain my vegetarian diet when pregnant?
    • Why do I need more calcium when pregnant?
    • How can I get enough calcium if I'm lactose intolerant?
    • Should I take a calcium supplement during pregnancy?
    • Why do I need more iron during pregnancy?
    • What are good sources of iron?
    • Should I take an iron supplement during pregnancy?
    • Food cravings during pregnancy
  • Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) Blood in the urine is called hematuria. Hematuria may be caused by infection, inflammation, or injury to the urinary system....learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) Article
    • Blood in the Urine Overview
    • Causes of Blood in the Urine
    • Blood in the Urine Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine: Lab Tests
    • Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine: Imaging and Cystoscopy
    • Blood in the Urine Treatment
    • Blood in the Urine Self-Care at Home
    • Blood in the Urine Medical Treatment
    • Blood in the Urine Follow-up
    • Blood in the Urine Prognosis
  • Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Article
    • Labor and Delivery: Pain control options introduction
    • Regional anesthesia: spinal and epidural blocks
    • Local anesthesia
    • Pudendal block
    • Narcotics
    • Nitrous oxide
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Smoking During Pregnancy Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth, low birth weight or premature birth, and more....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking During Pregnancy Article
    • Smoking during pregnancy facts
    • How does smoking affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
    • Is any amount of smoking safe in pregnancy?
    • What are the risks of secondhand smoke in pregnancy?
    • Can nicotine replacement products be used during pregnancy to quit smoking?
  • Reproductive Health Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV
  • Pregnancy: Swine Flu and the H1N1 Vaccine Pregnant and women who are breastfeeding are encouraged to receive the seasonal flu shot as well as the 2009 H1N1 influenza...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy: Swine Flu and the H1N1 Vaccine Article
    • Pregnancy and H1N1 influenza (swine flu) introduction
    • What if I am pregnant and I get 2009 H1N1?
    • What can I do to protect myself, my baby and my family?
    • Is it safe for pregnant women to get a flu shot?
    • What are the symptoms of seasonal and 2009 H1N1 flu?
    • What should I do if I get sick?
    • How is 2009 H1N1 flu treated?
    • When should I get emergency medical care?
    • Why does CDC advise pregnant women to receive the 2009 H1N1 influenza (flu) vaccine (shot)?
    • Will the seasonal flu shot also protect against the 2009 H1N1 flu?
    • Are there flu vaccines that pregnant women should not get?
    • Can the seasonal flu shot and the 2009 H1N1 flu shot be given at the same time?
    • Is the 2009 H1N1 flu shot safe for pregnant women?
    • What are the possible side effects of the 2009 H1N1 flu shots?
    • What about the H1N1 nasal spray vaccine?
    • What about breastfeeding and the H1N1 influenza and vaccinations?
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?

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