Pregnancy Basics Index

Featured: Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Main Article

Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems sleeping, and wondering if it is safe to have sex while pregnant. Learn how to manage and move through these challenges during pregnancy.

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges Breastfeeding an infant can cause common challenges both for the mother an infant. Some challenges include sore nipples, low milk...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges Article
      • Common breastfeeding challenge facts*
      • Common breastfeeding challenges overview
      • Sore nipples
      • Low milk supply
      • Oversupply of milk
      • Engorgement
      • Plugged ducts
      • Breast infection (mastitis)
      • Fungal infections
      • Nursing strike
      • Inverted, flat, or very large nipples
      • Breastfeeding a baby with health problems
      • Breastfeeding and special situations
    • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy Planning Article
      • Pregnancy planning facts
      • What is pregnancy planning?
      • What are pre-pregnancy planning goals?
      • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
      • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
      • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
      • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
      • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
      • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
      • Should I exercise when pregnant?
      • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
      • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
      • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
    • Smoking During Pregnancy Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth, low birth weight or premature birth, and more....learn more »
      In This Article
      Smoking During Pregnancy Article
      • Smoking during pregnancy facts
      • How does smoking affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
      • Is any amount of smoking safe in pregnancy?
      • What are the risks of secondhand smoke in pregnancy?
      • Can nicotine replacement products be used during pregnancy to quit smoking?
    • Healthy Diet During Pregnancy The amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy depends on your body mass index (BMI) before you became pregnant. Although...learn more »
      In This Article
      Healthy Diet During Pregnancy Article
      • Goal setting for eating healthy during pregnancy
      • Foods that comprise a healthy diet during pregnancy
      • Foods to avoid during pregnancy
      • Weight gain during pregnancy
      • Dieting during pregnancy
      • Vegan and vegetarian diets
      • Low carb diets
      • Getting enough protein
      • Getting enough calcium, even if you are lactose intolerant
      • Getting enough iron, even if you don’t eat meat
      • Getting enough folate
      • Getting enough Iodine
      • Getting enough zinc
      • Getting enough vitamin D
      • Supplements, herbs, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications
      • Foods that may help when not feeling well during pregnancy (morning sickness, heartburn)
    • Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pain Relief Options for Childbirth Article
      • Labor and Delivery: Pain control options introduction
      • Regional anesthesia: spinal and epidural blocks
      • Local anesthesia
      • Pudendal block
      • Narcotics
      • Nitrous oxide
    • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
      • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
      • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
      • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
      • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
      • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
      • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
      • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
      • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
      • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
      • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
      • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
      • For more information

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