prednisone Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication prednisone may be used to treat or manage.

  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Article
    • Upper respiratory infection facts
    • What is an upper respiratory infection?
    • Is an upper respiratory infection contagious?
    • What are the causes of upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the risk factors for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the symptoms of upper respiratory infection?
    • When should you seek medical care for upper respiratory infection?
    • How is an upper respiratory infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some of the home remedies for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some data on alternative therapies in treating upper respiratory infections?
    • What are the complications of an upper respiratory infection?
    • Can an upper respiratory infection be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a patient suffering from an upper respiratory infection?
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid disease?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer treatments for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet and other treatments
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Night Sweats Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. In order to distinguish night sweats...learn more »
    In This Article
    Night Sweats Article
    • Introduction to night sweats
    • What are the causes of night sweats in women, men, and children?
    • What are the symptoms of night sweats?
    • Menopause
    • Idiopathic hyperhidrosis
    • Infections
    • Cancer
    • Medications
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Hormone disorders
    • Neurologic conditions
    • Night sweats treatment
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are the causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • How can sacroiliac joint dysfunction be prevented?
  • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
    In This Article
    Crohn's Disease Article
    • Crohn's disease facts
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • What causes Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
    • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
    • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
    • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Crohn's disease treated?
    • Crohn's Disease Medications
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
    • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
    • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
    • Immuno-modulator medications
    • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
    • Infliximab (Remicade)
    • Adalimumab (Humira)
    • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
    • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Surgery in Crohn's disease
    • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
    • Conclusions
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Can Sjögren's syndrome be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Acne (Pimples) Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acne (Pimples) Article
    • What is acne?
    • What causes acne?
    • What other skin conditions can mimic acne?
    • When should you start acne treatment?
    • What can you do about acne on your own?
    • What are other things you can do for acne? Are there any home remedies for acne?
    • What is a good basic skin regimen?
    • How does a doctor treat acne?
    • How would you sum up current-day acne treatment?
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSD) is a condition that features atypical symptoms including pain (often "burning" type),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Article
    • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) facts
    • What is reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)?
    • What causes reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)?
    • What are the symptoms of reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)?
    • How is reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)?
    • What is the prognosis for reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)
    • Can reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) be prevented?
  • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Addison's Disease Addison disease is a hormonal (endocrine) disorder involving destruction of the adrenal glands (small glands adjacent to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Addison's Disease Article
    • Addison's disease facts*
    • What is Addison's disease?
    • How does Addison's disease occur?
    • What is cortisol?
    • How is cortisol regulated?
    • What is aldosterone?
    • What causes Addison's disease?
    • Primary adrenal insufficiency
    • Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome
    • Tuberculosis
    • Other causes of Addison's disease
    • Secondary adrenal insufficiency
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Addison's disease?
    • How is Addison's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Addison's disease treated?
    • Surgery
    • Pregnancy?
    • Patient education
    • For more information
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What we know about sarcoidosis
    • Some things we don't know about sarcoidosis
    • How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
    • What are some signs and symptoms that suggest possible sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests show?
    • How is sarcoidosis treated?
    • Living with sarcoidosis
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Myeloma Article
    • What is multiple myeloma?
    • What causes multiple myeloma?
    • What are risk factors for multiple myeloma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma?
    • How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
    • What is the treatment for multiple myeloma?
    • What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?
    • What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
  • Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome, sometimes referred to as hypercortisolism, is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure to high levels...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cushing's Syndrome Article
    • Cushing's syndrome facts*
    • What is Cushing's syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome?
    • What causes Cushing's syndrome?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome treated?
    • What research is being done on Cushing's syndrome?
    • For more information
  • Lichen Planus Lichen planus is a common skin disease that features small, itchy pink or purple spots on the arms or legs. the abnormal areas on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lichen Planus Article
    • Lichen planus facts
    • What is lichen planus?
    • What causes lichen planus?
    • How is the rash of lichen planus different from that of most other common rashes?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of lichen planus?
    • What does lichen planus look like?
    • How is lichen planus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for lichen planus?
    • What is the long-term prognosis of lichen planus?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Article
    • Ulcerative colitis facts
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
    • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
    • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
    • 5-ASA Compounds
    • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
    • Golimumab (Simponi)
    • What are immunomodulator medications?
    • Summary of medication treatment
    • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
    • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
    • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Eczema Eczema refers to skin inflammation. There are many different types of eczema that produce symptoms and signs that range from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eczema Article
    • Eczema facts
    • What is eczema?
    • Are there different types of eczema? What causes eczema?
    • What are eczema symptoms and signs?
    • How is eczema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eczema?
    • What are home remedies for eczema?
    • Does diet affect eczema?
    • Is there a cure for eczema?
    • Is eczema contagious?
    • What is the prognosis of eczema?
    • Is it possible to prevent eczema?
  • Steroid Drug Withdrawal Corticosteroid drugs such as prednisone and prednisolone are commonly used to treat asthma, allergic reactions, RA, and IBD....learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Drug Withdrawal Article
    • Steroid withdrawal facts
    • Introduction
    • What are steroid withdrawal symptoms?
    • Discontinuing steroids
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Neutropenia Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neutropenia Article
    • Neutropenia facts
    • What is neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia defined?
    • What are the clinical consequences of neutropenia?
    • What causes neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia diagnosed?
    • How is neutropenia treated?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Myasthenia Gravis Myasthenia gravis, a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease. Varying degrees of weakness of the voluntary muscles of the body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myasthenia Gravis Article
    • Myasthenia gravis facts*
    • What is myasthenia gravis?
    • What causes myasthenia gravis?
    • What is the role of the thymus gland in myasthenia gravis?
    • What are the symptoms of myasthenia gravis?
    • Who gets myasthenia gravis?
    • How is myasthenia gravis diagnosed?
    • How is myasthenia gravis treated?
    • What are myasthenic crises?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Vasculitis Vasculitis is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vasculitis Article
    • Vasculitis facts
    • What is vasculitis?
    • What causes vasculitis, and what are examples of diseases with vasculitis?
    • What are the symptoms of vasculitis?
    • How is vasculitis diagnosed?
    • How is vasculitis treated?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are causes and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease definition
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is latent celiac disease?
    • What is silent celiac disease?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What is refractory celiac disease?
    • What is the treatment for refractory celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Intestinal bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms include painful, stiff, and swollen joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriatic Arthritis Article
    • Psoriatic arthritis facts
    • What is psoriatic arthritis?
    • What causes psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How does the doctor diagnose psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriatic arthritis?
    • Disease-modifying medications
    • What are complications of psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
    • Can psoriatic arthritis be prevented?
    • Is there a psoriatic arthritis diet?
    • What does the future hold for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Facial nerve disorders affect the muscles of the face. There are many causes of facial nerve disorders including trauma, nervous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Article
    • Facial nerve problems and Bell's palsy facts
    • What is the facial nerve?
    • What are symptoms of a facial nerve problem?
    • What conditions affect the facial nerve?
    • How are the causes of facial nerve dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is and what causes Bell's palsy?
    • What are the symptoms of Bell's palsy?
    • What is the mechanism of injury in Bell's palsy?
    • What are treatment options of facial nerve paralysis?
    • What is the treatment for eye problems from facial nerve disorder?
    • What surgical reconstruction options are available?
    • What is the prognosis for facial nerve problems?
    • Can facial nerve problems be prevented?
  • Optic Neuritis Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Optic Neuritis Article
    • Optic neuritis facts
    • What is optic neuritis?
    • What causes optic neuritis?
    • What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
    • What are signs of optic neuritis?
    • How is optic neuritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
    • What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
    • Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
  • Wegener's Granulomatosis Wegener's granulomatosis, a condition that usually affects young or middle-aged adults, is an inflammation of the arteries...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wegener's Granulomatosis Article
    • Wegener's granulomatosis facts
    • What is Wegener's granulomatosis?
    • What are symptoms of Wegener's granulomatosis?
    • How is Wegener's granulomatosis diagnosed?
    • How is Wegener's granulomatosis treated?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum is a skin inflammation that results in reddish, painful, tender lumps most commonly located in the front of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erythema Nodosum Article
    • What is erythema nodosum?
    • What causes erythema nodosum?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of erythema nodosum?
    • How is erythema nodosum diagnosed?
    • Can erythema nodosum be confused with other conditions?
    • How is erythema nodosum treated?
  • Myocarditis Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle and can be caused by a variety of infections, conditions, and viruses....learn more »
    In This Article
    Myocarditis Article
    • What is myocarditis?
    • What causes myocarditis?
    • What are symptoms of myocarditis?
    • How is myocarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with myocarditis?
    • How is myocarditis treated?
  • Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reactive Arthritis Article
    • Reactive arthritis facts
    • What is reactive arthritis?
    • What causes reactive arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing reactive arthritis?
    • What are reactive arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is reactive arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is reactive arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of reactive arthritis?
    • Can reactive arthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for reactive arthritis?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Ramsay Hunt syndrome is an infection of a facial nerve that causes a red painful rash with blisters and facial paralysis. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Article
    • What is Ramsay Hunt syndrome? What causes it?
    • What are the symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
    • How is Ramsay Hunt syndrome diagnosed?
    • Is Ramsay Hunt syndrome contagious?
    • How does Ramsay Hunt syndrome compare with Bell's palsy?
    • How is Ramsay Hunt syndrome treated or prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
  • Emphysema Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema Article
    • Emphysema facts
    • What is emphysema?
    • What are the stages of emphysema?
    • What causes emphysema?
    • What are the risk factors for emphysema?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
    • How is emphysema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for emphysema?
    • Quitting smoking
    • Emphysema medications
    • Surgery for emphysema
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
    • What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (Systemic-Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Still's disease?
    • How is Still's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) with Still's disease?
  • Asthma Medications There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators....learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Medications Article
    • Who is a candidate for asthma medication?
    • What are controller medications for asthma (long-term control)?
    • What are rescue medications for asthma (short-term control)?
    • What are the different forms of asthma medications (pills, inhalers, nebulizers)?
    • What are the specific controller medications for asthma?
    • What are asthma medication guidelines?
    • What are over-the-counter asthma medications?
    • What are the potential risks and side effects of asthma medications?
    • What kinds of asthma medications are used in children and toddlers?
    • What kinds of asthma medications are safe to use in pregnancy?
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the different types of asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Article
    • Multiple sclerosis symptoms introduction
    • What are the symptoms one may experience with multiple sclerosis?
    • Bladder and bowel symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Eye symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Muscle symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Numbness, tingling, twitching and pain symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Sexual problem symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Speech and swallowing symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Other brain and nerve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • What treatment options are available for treating multiple sclerosis symptoms?
    • What medications are available to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms?
    • How are other multiple sclerosis symptoms managed?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • Poison Ivy Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Ivy Article
    • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac facts
    • What are poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac?
    • What causes a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are risk factors for poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • How do physicians diagnose poison ivy, oak, and sumac rashes?
    • What is the treatment for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Are there any home remedies for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What is the prognosis of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Is it possible to prevent a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
  • Aseptic Necrosis Aseptic necrosis (avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis) is a condition that develops when blood supply diminishes to an area of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aseptic Necrosis Article
    • Aseptic necrosis facts
    • What is aseptic necrosis?
    • What causes aseptic necrosis?
    • What are risk factors for aseptic necrosis?
    • What are symptoms of aseptic necrosis?
    • How is aseptic necrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for aseptic necrosis?
    • What is the prognosis of aseptic necrosis?
    • Can aseptic necrosis be prevented?
  • Eosinophilic Fasciitis Eosinophilic fasciitis is a skin disease that causes thickening and inflammation of the skin and fascia. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Fasciitis Article
    • What are eosinophils?
    • What is fascia?
    • What is eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What causes eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • How is eosinophilic fasciitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • Can eosinophilic fasciitis be prevented?
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Superior vena cava syndrome is compression of the superior vena cava vein located in the upper chest. Causes of superior vena...learn more »
    In This Article
    Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Article
    • Superior vena cava syndrome facts
    • Introduction
    • What causes superior vena cava syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome treated?
    • What is the prognosis for superior vena cava syndrome?
  • Valley Fever Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus....learn more »
    In This Article
    Valley Fever Article
    • Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
    • What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
    • Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
    • Where can one find more information on valley fever?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome Churg-Strauss Syndrome is a form of vasculitis. Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. Symptoms of Churg-Strauss...learn more »
    In This Article
    Churg-Strauss Syndrome Article
    • Churg-Strauss syndrome facts
    • What is Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • What causes Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • What are symptoms of Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • How is Churg-Strauss syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Churg-Strauss syndrome treated?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome?
  • Latex Allergy Latex allergy is a condition where the body reacts to latex, a natural product derived from the rubber tree. The reaction can...learn more »
    In This Article
    Latex Allergy Article
    • Latex allergy facts
    • Why latex?
    • What is latex and where is it found?
    • Who is at risk?
    • How is latex allergy detected?
    • How is latex allergy treated?
    • Latex-Containing Products (partial list):
  • Takayasu Disease Takayasu disease (also referred to as Takayasu arteritis) is a chronic inflammation of the aorta and it's branch arteries....learn more »
    In This Article
    Takayasu Disease Article
    • Takayasu disease facts
    • What is Takayasu disease?
    • What causes Takayasu disease?
    • What are symptoms of Takayasu disease?
    • How is Takayasu disease diagnosed?
    • How is Takayasu disease treated?
    • What is the long-term prognosis for patients with Takayasu disease?
    • Can Takayasu disease be prevented?
  • Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a condition caused by abnormal blood proteins called cryoglobulins. Symptoms include joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Article
    • What is cryoglobulinemia?
    • What conditions are associated with cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • How is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia treated?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • Itching
    • Osteoporosis
    • Elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • Edema and ascites
    • Bleeding from varices
    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hypersplenism
    • Sicca Syndrome
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Scleroderma
    • Gallstones
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?
  • Weber-Christian Disease Weber-Christian disease is a rare inflammatory disease that affects the body's fat tissues. It's also known as relapsing febrile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Weber-Christian Disease Article
    • Weber-Christian disease facts
    • What is Weber-Christian disease? What are the risk factors for this disease?
    • What is panniculitis?
    • What are other symptoms of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What causes Weber-Christian disease?
    • How is Weber-Christian disease diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What is the treatment for Weber-Christian disease?
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?