prednisolone, Pediapred Oral Liquid, Medrol

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GENERIC NAME: prednisolone (oral)

BRAND NAMES: Prednisolone, Pediapred Oral Liquid Medrol

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Prednisolone is a synthetic adrenal corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are natural substances produced by the adrenal glands located adjacent to the kidneys. Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory properties, and are used in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, colitis, asthma, bronchitis, certain skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes. There are numerous preparations of corticosteroids including tablets, capsules, liquids, topical creams and gels, inhalers, eye drops, as well as injectable and intravenous solutions. The FDA approved prednisolone in June 1955.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS:

  • Tablets: 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 32 mg.
  • Syrup or Suspension: 5 or 15 mg/5 ml (teaspoon).

STORAGE: Store at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). Do not refrigerate.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Prednisolone is used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation in many inflammatory and allergic conditions. Examples of inflammatory conditions include rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, acute gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease. Severe allergic conditions that fail conventional treatment may also respond to prednisolone. Examples include bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, drug-induced dermatitis, and contact and atopic dermatitis. Chronic skin conditions treated with prednisolone include dermatitis herpetiformis, pemphigus, severe psoriasis and severe seborrheic dermatitis. Chronic allergic and inflammatory conditions of the uvea, iris, conjunctiva and optic nerves of the eyes are also treated with prednisolone.

Prednisolone also is used in the treatment of blood cell cancers (leukemiias), and lymph gland cancers (lymphomas). Blood diseases involving destruction of platelets by the body's own immune cells (idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura), and destruction of red blood cells by immune cells (autoimmune hemolytic anemia) can also be treated with prednisolone. Other miscellaneous conditions treated with prednisolone include thyroiditis and sarcoidosis. Prednisolone is also used as a hormone replacement in patients whose adrenal glands are unable to produce sufficient amounts of corticosteroids.

DOSING: Dosage requirements of corticosteroids vary among individuals and the diseases being treated. The usual starting dose range is 5 mg to 60 mg daily depending on the disease being treated. Doses are adjusted based on patient response. In general, the lowest possible effective dose is used. Corticosteroids given in multiple doses throughout the day are more effective but also more toxic than alternate-day therapy where twice the daily dose is administered every other morning. Prednisolone should be taken with food.




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