- What is potassium supplements-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for potassium supplements-oral?
- Is potassium supplements-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for potassium supplements-oral?
- What are the side effects of potassium supplements-oral?
- What is the dosage for potassium supplements-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with potassium supplements-oral?
- Is potassium supplements-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about potassium supplements-oral?
What is potassium supplements-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Potassium preparations are used for supplementing potassium in order to treat or prevent low potassium levels in the blood (hypokalemia). Potassium is a major mineral (electrolyte) that is important for the function of every cell in the body. For example, it is important in nerve conduction, muscle contraction, and kidney function. Normal daily dietary intake of potassium is 40-150 mEq. Potassium deficiency occurs when potassium loss exceeds intake.
Potassium depletion may be caused by:
- excessive vomiting or diarrhea,
- diabetic ketoacidosis,
- diuretics (for example, furosemide [Lasix]),
- starvation, and
- rare disorders of the adrenal glands.
Potassium deficiency causes:
What brand names are available for potassium supplements-oral?
K-Dur, KLor Con, K-Tab, Klorvess, K-Lyte CL
Is potassium supplements-oral available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for potassium supplements-oral?
What are the side effects of potassium supplements-oral?
Common reactions to potassium are primarily gastrointestinal and include:
More important side effects include:
- high blood potassium levels,
- abnormal heart beats,
- bleeding or perforation of the stomach or small intestine from ulcers, and
- narrowing (stricture) of the small intestine from healed ulcers.
Irritation and damage to the stomach can be reduced by taking potassium supplements with meals or reducing the dose.
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