Postpartum Depression

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

View Postpartum Depression Slideshow

Quick GuidePostpartum Depression Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Postpartum Depression Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Where can people get support for postpartum depression?

Baby Blues Connection
http://www.babybluesconnection.org
Toll free: 866-616-3752

Online Postpartum Depression Support Group

http://www.ppdsupportpage.com

Postpartum Couples
http://www.postpartumcouples.com

Postpartum Dads
Email: info@postpartumdads.org

Postpartum Education for Parents
PO Box 261
Santa Barbara, CA 93116
Email: pepboard@sbpep.org
PEP Warmline: 805-564-3888
Our free 24-hour service provides confidential one-on-one support from trained volunteers who are parents just like you.

Postpartum Stress Center
http://www.postpartumstress.com

Postpartum Support International
Email: psioffice@postpartum.net
503-894-9453

What research is being done on postpartum depression?

The current research on postpartum depression includes an increased focus on this condition in men, as well as potential natural remedies based on surges in certain brain chemicals associated with the postpartum period.

Medically reviewed by Wayne Blocker, MD; Board Certified Obstetrics and Gynecology

REFERENCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision 2000; Washington, D.C.

Baker FM, Bell CC. Issues in the psychiatric treatment of African Americans. Psychiatric Services 1999 March; 50: 362-368.

Beck CT, Gable RK. Further validation of the postpartum depression screening scale. Nursing Research 2001; 50(3): 155-164.

Cormin EJ, Kohen R, Jarrett M, Stafford B. The heritability of postpartum depression. Biological Research for Nursing 2010 July; 12: 173-183.

Dennis CL. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for prevention of postnatal depression: systematic review. British Journal of Medicine 2005 July; 331(7507): 15.

Freeman MP, Markowitz JC, Rosenbaum JF, et al. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder, Third Edition; American Psychiatric Association October 2010.

Kessler CF, Gilman CP. Charlotte Perkins Gilman: her Progress Toward Utopia with Selected Writings

Kim P, Swain JE. Sad dads: paternal postpartum depression. Psychiatry 2007 February; 4(2): 35-47.

Lin KM, Cheung F. Mental health issues for Asian Americans. Psychiatric Services 1999 June; 50: 774-780.

Marin H. Hispanics and psychiatric medications: An overview. Psychiatric Times 2003 October; 20(10).

Meyer IH. Prejudice, social stress and mental health in lesbian, gay and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin 2003; 129(5): 674-697.

O'Hara MW, Stuart S, Gorman LL, Wenzel A. Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy for postpartum depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 2000; 57: 1039-1045.

Paulson JF, Dauber S, Leiferman JA. Individual and combined effects of postpartum depression in mothers and fathers on parenting behavior. Pediatrics 2006 August; 118(2): 659-668.

Sacher J, Wilson AA, Houle S, et al. Elevated brain monoamine oxidase A binding in the early postpartum period. Archives of General Psychiatry 2010 May; 67(5): 468-474.

Sit D, Rothschild AJ, Wisner KL. A review of postpartum psychosis. Journal of Women's Health 2006; 15(4).

Spinelli MG. Maternal infanticide associated with mental illness: prevention and the promise of saved lives. American Journal of Psychiatry 2004 September; 161: 1548-1557.

Stevens LM, Lynm C, Glass RM. Postpartum depression. Journal of the American Medical Association 2010; 304(15): 1736.

Wisner KL, Parry BL, Piontek CM. Postpartum depression. New England Journal of Medicine 2002 July; 347(3).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/23/2015

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