GENERIC NAME: POLIOVIRUS VACCINE - ORAL (POH-lee-oh vack-SEEN)
BRAND NAME(S): Orimune
HOW TO USE: This vaccine (OPV) is taken by mouth in a series of separate doses. The medication may be given directly from the bottle, mixed with certain liquids or on a sugar cube. Other doses may be given as the injection polio vaccine (IPV). It is critical to follow your physician's instructions exactly and complete the entire treatment series. All the doses of vaccine have to be taken before full protection against polio occurs. Discuss thoroughly the benefits and risks of the two types of polio vaccine with your doctor and which treatment series would be best for you or your child.
SIDE EFFECTS: In general, this vaccine is safe and the benefits of the vaccine to prevent polio are very important. Very rarely polio has occurred in persons receiving oral polio vaccine or close contacts of vaccinated persons. Polio risk is higher for persons (including close contacts of the person receiving vaccine) with immune system problems such as HIV or certain cancers. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using this drug, tell your doctor your medical history, including: any allergies (especially drug allergies), immune system disorders, cancer, certain blood disorders, current diarrhea, current vomiting, current fever/ illness. This oral vaccine should not be used in close contacts of persons with immune system problems. If a close contact receives this oral vaccine, contact should be avoided for 4-6 weeks or as directed. If contact must occur, precautions to avoid stool or saliva contact are recommended. Consult your doctor. Thorough hand washing after diaper changes in infants receiving the vaccine is recommended for adults who never have received polio vaccine. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. This vaccine may be excreted into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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