Pneumonia Facts Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Pneumonia Facts. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Pneumonia Facts or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness...learn more »
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
  • MRSA MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms:...learn more »
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache,...learn more »
  • Hiccups Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm muscle. In general hiccups are just a temporary condition. Some of...learn more »
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are group B strep infection symptoms and signs?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep?
    • What types of doctors treat group B strep infections?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are sepsis (blood poisoning) symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose sepsis?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What types of specialists treat sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • Is it possible to prevent sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis (blood poisoning)?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteoporosis?
    • What types of specialists treat osteoporosis?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements for osteoporosis
    • Vitamin D for osteoporosis
    • Can adding certain foods to one's diet help to prevent osteoporosis?
    • Are there foods to avoid when it comes to osteoporosis?
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Tonsillitis It is thought that the tonsils and adenoids assist the body in fighting incoming bacteria and viruses by helping the body form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tonsillitis Article
    • Tonsillitis and adenoid infection facts
    • What are the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What is the purpose of the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What are the symptoms of tonsillitis or an adenoid infection?
    • What does tonsillitis look like?
    • Can someone catch tonsillitis from another person?
    • What are common problems affecting the tonsils and adenoids?
    • How are tonsillitis and adenoid infection diagnosed?
    • How are tonsillitis and adenoid infection treated?
    • What home remedies help soothe tonsillitis?
    • When should the tonsils and/or adenoids be removed?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Is Pneumonia Contagious? Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung usually caused by bacterial or viral infection (rarely, also by fungi) that causes the air...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Pneumonia Contagious? Article
    • What is pneumonia?
    • Is pneumonia contagious?
    • When is pneumonia contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for pneumonia?
    • Can pneumonia spread?
    • How long is pneumonia contagious?
    • When should someone seek medical care for pneumonia?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should someone take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a fever?
    • What kind of doctors treat a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent a fever?
    • Where can people find more information about fevers?
  • Cough (Chronic Cough) Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such...learn more »
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache definition and facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • 17 types of headaches
    • What causes headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
    • How do you get rid of a headache? Are home remedies effective for headaches?
  • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhoid Fever Article
    • Typhoid fever facts
    • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
    • How do patients get typhoid fever?
    • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
    • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
    • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • COPD facts
    • What is the definition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • What increases your risk for developing COPD?
    • What are the four stages of COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What kind of doctor treats COPD?
    • When to Seek Medical Care for COPD
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • What lifestyle changes (diet, exercise) and home remedies and care are recommended for people with COPD?
    • What medications treat COPD?
    • What other supplemental therapies help treat COPD complications and symptoms?
    • What surgery is available to treat COPD?
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with COPD?
  • Walking Pneumonia Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Shock (Medical) Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, septic shock, anaphylactic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shock (Medical) Article
    • Shock facts
    • What is shock?
    • What are the types of shock?
    • What are the causes of shock?
    • What are the symptoms of shock?
    • When should I seek medical care for shock?
    • What is the treatment for shock?
    • Can shock be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for shock?
  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • What is pleural effusion?
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for swine flu?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu?
    • How long does the swine flu last?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are swine flu symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose swine flu?
    • What types of doctors treat swine flu?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu in humans?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the swine flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccines) is not readily available?
    • Are there home remedies for swine flu?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v)?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • What's the difference between Alzheimer's disease and dementia?
    • Who's at risk for getting Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
    • What are the stages of Alzheimer's disease?
    • What causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • How Alzheimer's disease diagnosed?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease patients?
    • Alzheimer's disease medications
    • Non-drug based treatments for Alzheimer's disease
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease
    • What is the prognosis for a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Streptococcal Infections Article
    • Group A streptococcal infections facts
    • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
    • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
    • Are group A strep infections contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
    • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
    • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
    • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
    • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
    • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
    • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
  • Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Article
    • Hypoxia and hypoxemia facts
    • What is hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What causes hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • How is hypoxia and/or hypoxemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypoxia and/or hypoxemia?
    • Can hypoxia and/or hypoxemia be prevented?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • Is whooping cough contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • How long does the whooping cough vaccine last?
    • What is the incubation period for whooping cough?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How long does whooping cough last?
    • What does whooping cough sound like?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Is it possible to prevent whooping cough? Is there a whooping cough vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Is a Staph Infection Contagious? A staph infection is caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Staph can cause boils, food poisoning, cellulitis, toxic shock...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is a Staph Infection Contagious? Article
    • What is staph?
    • Is staph contagious?
    • How will I know if I have a staph infection?
    • How are staph infections transmitted?
    • When will I know I am cured of a staph infection? How long is the contagious period for a staph infection?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about a staph infection?
  • CRE Infection (Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae) Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a type of bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics. Escherichia coli (E....learn more »
    In This Article
    CRE Infection (Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae) Article
    • What is CRE?
    • What causes CRE infections? How is CRE transmitted?
    • How do CRE bacteria develop?
    • What are symptoms and signs of CRE infections?
    • How do doctors diagnose a CRE infection?
    • What is the treatment for CRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent a CRE infection?
    • What is the prognosis of CRE infections?
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Adenovirus 14 Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adenovirus 14 Article
    • Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
    • What is the killer cold virus?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What causes an infection with Adenovirus 14 (Ad14)?
    • How is an Adenovirus 14 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • Can an Adenovirus 14 infection be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles? What does measles look like?
    • What is rubeola? What is rubella? What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles? How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • What is the incubation period for measles?
    • What complications are seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • What should someone do if he or she has been exposed to measles?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • Is it possible to prevent measles with a vaccine? How effective is the measles vaccine?
    • Why should people get vaccinated against measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from the MMR or MMRV?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • Do people need to be revaccinated against measles if they are traveling to Europe?
    • What adverse reactions or side effects can occur with the measles vaccination?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • What is herd immunity? Why should people care if others choose not to be vaccinated?
    • Can the measles virus be used to cure cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Drowning (Dry, Wet, Near) Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....learn more »
    In This Article
    Drowning (Dry, Wet, Near) Article
    • Drowning facts and prevention
    • What is drowning and what are the statistics?
    • What happens during drowning?
    • Does the type of drowning matter?
    • Wet vs. dry drowning
    • Salt vs. fresh water drowning
    • What are the risk factors of drowning?
    • What are the symptoms of drowning?
    • When should one seek medical care for drowning?
    • How is drowning diagnosed?
    • How is drowning treated?
    • What are the complications of drowning?
    • How can drowning be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a drowning victim?
  • Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptococcosis Article
    • What is Cryptococcus?
    • Who gets cryptococcosis?
    • How is Cryptococcus spread?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a cryptococcal infection?
    • How soon do symptoms and signs appear?
    • If I have symptoms and signs, should I see my doctor?
    • How is a cryptococcal infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptococcal infections?
    • How can cryptococcal infections be prevented?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • When does flu season begin and end?
    • Flu vs. cold
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • What is the incubation period for the flu?
    • How long is the flu contagious, and how long does the flu last?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • How does flu spread?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • How effective is the flu vaccine?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
    • What types of doctors treat the flu?
    • What can people eat when they have the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis for patients who get the flu? What are possible complications of the flu?
    • Can the flu be deadly?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • What medications treat the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can people find additional information about the flu?
  • ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs,...learn more »
    In This Article
    ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Article
    • ARDS facts*
    • What is ARDS?
    • ARDS overview
    • What are other names for ARDS?
    • What causes ARDS?
    • Who is at risk for ARDS?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ARDS?
    • How is ARDS diagnosed?
    • How is ARDS treated?
    • What are the complications from ARDS?
    • Living with ARDS
    • What is the prognosis of ARDS?
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Is Sepsis Contagious? Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening infection that may be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. Sepsis spreads...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Sepsis Contagious? Article
    • What is sepsis?
    • Is sepsis contagious?
    • How will I know if someone has sepsis?
    • How is sepsis transmitted?
    • When will I know I am cured of sepsis?
    • When should I contact a health-care provider about sepsis?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What is the incubation period for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs? What are the different types of plague?
    • Is plague contagious? How is plague transmitted?
    • What is the contagious period for pneumonic plague?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague? Is there a plague vaccine?
    • Could plague be used as a biological weapon?
  • Tularemia Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tularemia Article
    • Tularemia facts
    • What is tularemia?
    • What are the different types of tularemia?
    • What causes tularemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of tularemia?
    • How is tularemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tularemia?
    • Tularemia and bioterrorism
    • Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
    • Where can people find more information about tularemia?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of an RSV infection?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems Learn how to recognize serious diseases and health problems like strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in...learn more »
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Sporotrichosis Sporotrichosis is a skin infection caused by a fungus called Sporothrix schenckii. The fungus, which may be present in sphagnum...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sporotrichosis Article
    • Sporotrichosis facts*
    • What is sporotrichosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of sporotrichosis?
    • Who gets sporotrichosis?
    • How can people prevent sporotrichosis?
    • What are sources of sporotrichosis?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose sporotrichosis?
    • What is the treatment and prognosis of sporotrichosis?
    • Statistics
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD generally appears in the later...learn more »
    In This Article
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Article
    • What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)?
    • What are the symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is CJD diagnosed?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated?
    • What causes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is CJD transmitted?
    • How can people avoid spreading Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • What Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease research is taking place?
    • How can I help Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Article
    • Bird flu (avian flu) facts
    • What is bird flu?
    • What causes bird flu?
    • What are risk factors for bird flu?
    • What are bird flu symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose bird flu?
    • What is the treatment for bird flu?
    • What are the complications of bird flu?
    • What is the prognosis of bird flu?
    • Can bird flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about bird flu?
  • Felty's Syndrome Felty's syndrome is a complication of long-term rheumatoid arthritis. Felty's syndrome is defined by the presence of three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Felty's Syndrome Article
    • Felty's syndrome facts
    • What is Felty's syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Felty's syndrome?
    • What causes Felty's syndrome?
    • How is Felty's syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Felty's syndrome treated?
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) infection can be spread through respiratory secretions. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) Article
    • Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) facts
    • What is Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)?
    • What causes MERS? How is MERS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for MERS-CoV infection?
    • What are MERS symptoms and signs?
    • How is MERS-CoV diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for MERS-CoV?
    • What is the prognosis of MERS?
    • Is it possible to prevent MERS?
    • Is there a vaccine for MERS-CoV?
    • Where can people get more information about MERS-CoV?
  • SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and...learn more »
    In This Article
    SARS Article
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) facts
    • What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?
    • What causes SARS? How is SARS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for SARS?
    • What are SARS symptoms and signs?
    • How is SARS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SARS?
    • What is the prognosis of SARS?
    • Is it possible to prevent SARS?
    • Is there a SARS vaccine? What research is being done on SARS?
    • Where can people get more information about SARS?
  • Melioidosis Melioidosis (Whitmore's disease) is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melioidosis Article
    • Melioidosis facts
    • What is melioidosis? What causes melioidosis?
    • Where does melioidosis occur?
    • What are symptoms of melioidosis?
    • How is melioidosis diagnosed?
    • How is melioidosis treated?
    • Can melioidosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melioidosis?
  • Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Drug resistance (antimicrobial resistance) is the ability of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses to grow, even in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Article
    • Drug resistance facts*
    • Antimicrobial
    • Antibiotic
    • Antibacterial
    • MRSA and VRE
    • What is drug resistance?
    • History of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Causes of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Diagnosis of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Treatment of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Prevention of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Antimicrobial resistance: A growing health issue
    • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
    • Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs
  • 19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough Coughing is a reflex that helps a person clear their airways of irritants. There are many causes of an excessive or severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough Article
    • What causes coughing?
    • 19 natrual and home remedies to cure and soothe a cough
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) products cure or soothe a cough?
    • What prescription drugs cure a cough?
    • How can I get rid of a nighttime cough?
    • What kind of a doctor treats a cough?
    • When should I see a doctor about a cough?
  • NDM-1 NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase) is an enzyme produced by certain strains of bacteria that have recently acquired the...learn more »
    In This Article
    NDM-1 Article
    • NDM-1 facts
    • What is NDM-1?
    • What causes NDM-1 to be produced in bacteria?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a person infected with bacteria carrying NDM-1?
    • How are bacteria that produce NDM-1 identified?
    • What is the treatment for an infection caused by bacteria that make NDM-1?
    • What is the prognosis for a person infected with NDM-1 producing bacteria?
    • Can infections with bacteria containing NDM-1 be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about NDM-1 producing bacteria?
  • Is Pleurisy Contagious? Pleurisy or pleuritis is an inflammation of the lining around the lungs. Some of the causes of pleurisy include TB, the flu,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Pleurisy Contagious? Article
    • What is pleurisy?
    • Is pleurisy contagious?
    • How will I know if I have pleurisy?
    • How is pleurisy spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of pleurisy?
    • When should I contact a doctor about pleurisy?
  • Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds If you have a COPD such as emphysema, avoiding chronic bronchitis and colds is important to avoid a more severe respiratory...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds Article
    • Introduction
    • What is emphysema and chronic bronchitis?
    • What happens with emphysema and chronic bronchitis and colds?
    • Why should I take colds seriously with emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
    • Which cold treatment should I use with emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
    • Can I prevent colds if I have emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulentE. coli infections?
  • Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Contagious? Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a contagious viral infection that causes symptoms such as decreased appetite, runny nose,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Contagious? Article
    • Is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection?
    • What is the contagious period for RSV?
    • How is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) transmitted?
    • When should I seek medical care for anyone with RSV infection?