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- What is piroxicam, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for piroxicam?
- Is piroxicam available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for piroxicam?
- What are the side effects of piroxicam?
- What is the dosage for piroxicam?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with piroxicam?
- Is piroxicam safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about piroxicam?
What is piroxicam, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Piroxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. As a group, NSAIDs are non-narcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many causes, including injury, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other musculoskeletal conditions. Other members of this class include ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), indomethacin (Indocin), nabumetone (Relafen) and several others. They work by reducing the levels of prostaglandins, chemicals that are responsible for pain, fever, and inflammation. Piroxicam blocks the enzyme that makes prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase), resulting in lower concentrations of prostaglandins. As a consequence, inflammation, pain and fever are reduced. The FDA approved piroxicam in 1982.
What brand names are available for piroxicam?
Is piroxicam available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for piroxicam?
What are the side effects of piroxicam?
The most common side effects of piroxicam are:
- abdominal pain,
- fluid retention,
- ringing in the ears, and
NSAIDs reduce the ability of blood to clot and therefore increase bleeding after an injury.
Piroxicam also may cause stomach and intestinal bleeding and ulcers. Sometimes, stomach ulceration and intestinal bleeding can occur without any abdominal pain. Black tarry stools, weakness, and dizziness upon standing may be the only signs of the bleeding. People who are allergic to other NSAIDs should not use piroxicam.
NSAIDs reduce the flow of blood to the kidneys and impair function of the kidneys. The impairment is most likely to occur in patients with preexisting impairment of kidney function or congestive heart failure, and use of NSAIDs in these patients should be done cautiously.
Individuals with asthma are more likely to experience allergic reactions to prioxicam and other NSAIDs. Fluid retention, blood clots, heart attacks, hypertension, and heart failure have also been associated with the use of NSAIDs.
Quick GuideRheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Symptoms & Treatment
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