- Pinworms Slidehow Pictures
- Digestive Disease Myths
- Ulcerative Colitis Slideshow Pictures
- Patient Comments: Pinworms - Experience
- Patient Comments: Pinworms - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Pinworms - Treatment
- Pinworms facts
- What is pinworm infection in humans?
- Who is at risk for getting pinworms?
- Pinworms in children
- Pinworms in adults
- What do pinworms look like (pinworm pictures)?
- How is pinworm infection spread?
- What are the symptoms of pinworms?
- How is pinworm infection diagnosed?
- What is the treatment of pinworms, and is there a home treatment?
- What are the consequences of untreated pinworms?
- How are pinworms prevented?
What are the consequences of untreated pinworms?
When untreated, pinworms can cause:
- significant malabsorption of food,
- genital itching,
- bedwetting (enuresis), or
- vaginal discharge which can be associated with genital skin irritation and rash.
How are pinworms prevented?
Good hygiene will help reduce the spread of the parasites.
- Hand washing after handling bedding, diapers, underwear, and other items that may contain the infective pinworm eggs will also help.
- Cleaning under the fingernails and not biting the fingernails will also help reduce the chance of contacting the parasites.
- Clothes, especially underwear, should be changed and washed daily to help prevent spreading the disease.
- Treating everyone infected in a household at the same time may help prevent recurrence and spread to others.
- Because the eggs remain infective for up to three weeks in a moist environment, prevention of spread and reinfection is difficult but possible.
Medically reviewed by Martin E Zipser, MD; American Board of Surgery
CDC.gov. Parasites - Enterobiasis.
Lamps L. Infectious causes of appendicitis. Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am., 24(4):995-1015, 2010.
Previous contributing author: Robert Ferry Jr., MD