How does Pine work?
Pine contains chemicals that might have activity against pain and swelling (inflammation). It also seems to be mildly effective in killing bacteria and fungus.
Are there safety concerns?
Pine is POSSIBLY SAFE
when used appropriately by mouth for short periods of time.
Special Precautions & Warnings:
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking pine if you are pregnant
or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
: Pine pollen
can cause an increase in allergic
symptoms, even in people who test negatively to pine skin tests.
Dosing considerations for Pine.
The appropriate dose of pine depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for pine. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.