Table of Contents
- What is a pinched nerve?
- What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
- What causes a pinched nerve?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
- How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
- What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
- Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
Quick GuideNerve Pain: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options
What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
The treatment of a pinched nerve depends upon the location and the cause. Resting the affected area is often very effective, especially in cases of injury caused by repetitive activities. Physical therapy is frequently beneficial when a pinched nerve is caused by problems in the neck or low back. Exercises may strengthen the back or core muscles and decrease or eliminate pressure on a nerve root. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen and naproxen may be helpful. Injections of corticosteroids (an anti-inflammatory medication) may also be beneficial for many types of pinched nerves.
For cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, splinting or bracing the wrist is often used. In cases of ulnar neuropathy or common peroneal neuropathy, learning to change body positions may be required to achieve the best outcome.
Weight loss can be of benefit for many types of pinched nerves.
Surgery may be required to release pressure on the nerve if it fails to respond to medication, splinting, physical therapy, or injections. The specific type of surgery depends upon the nerve involved. However, the goal of the surgery is the same, to eliminate or relieve the pressure on the affected nerve.
"NINDS Pinched Nerve Information Page." National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 27 Sept. 2011.
Vinik, A., et al. "Focal entrapment neuropathies in diabetes." Diabetes Care 27.7 (2004): 1783-1788.
Werner, R. A., et al. "Influence of body mass index and work activity on the prevalence of median mononeuropathy at the wrist." Occupational and Environmental Medicine 54.4 (1997): 268-271.
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