Table of Contents
- What is a pinched nerve?
- What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
- What causes a pinched nerve?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
- How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
- What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
- Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
Quick GuideNerve Pain: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options
What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
Anything which increases pressure around a nerve can cause a pinched nerve. Common causes include body position such as leaning on elbows, habitually crossing legs, or poor posture. Over time this may lead to pressure injury to nerves in these regions.
- Disc herniation or bulging discs and arthritis in the spine can cause pressure on nerve roots which leads to the pain or discomfort associated with a pinched nerve.
- Weight gain or water retention can predispose people to developing pinched nerves; thyroid disease (especially hypothyroidism, or low thyroid hormone levels) can contribute to both water retention and weight gain and can increase the risk of certain types of pinched nerves.
- Pregnancy, which is associated with increased weight and occasionally associated with water retention, is also a common risk factor for developing certain types of pinched nerves.
- Repetitive activities (typing and using certain tools) can also increase swelling around specific nerves and lead to symptoms of a pinched nerve. Continue Reading
"NINDS Pinched Nerve Information Page." National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 27 Sept. 2011.
Vinik, A., et al. "Focal entrapment neuropathies in diabetes." Diabetes Care 27.7 (2004): 1783-1788.
Werner, R. A., et al. "Influence of body mass index and work activity on the prevalence of median mononeuropathy at the wrist." Occupational and Environmental Medicine 54.4 (1997): 268-271.
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