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- Pilonidal cyst facts
- What is a pilonidal cyst?
- What causes a pilonidal cyst?
- What are pilonidal cyst symptoms and signs?
- What are risk factors for a pilonidal cyst?
- How do doctors diagnose a pilonidal cyst?
- Are there any home remedies for a pilonidal cyst?
- What is the treatment for a pilonidal cyst? Is surgery necessary for pilonidal cysts?
- What is the prognosis of a pilonidal cyst?
- Is it possible to prevent a pilonidal cyst?
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What are pilonidal cyst symptoms and signs?
If a pilonidal cyst is not infected, there may be no symptoms. When a cyst is infected, signs and symptoms include
What are risk factors for a pilonidal cyst?
Risk factors for pilonidal cysts include the following:
- Male predominance (four times more often than in women)
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Thick body hair
- Family history
- Local shaving or damage to the skin from friction
- Overweight or obese
- Previous pilonidal cyst
How do doctors diagnose a pilonidal cyst?
A doctor will diagnose a pilonidal cyst by first doing a physical examination. A lump, swelling, or abscess at the cleft of the buttock with or without a draining area (sinus) is characteristic of a pilonidal cyst.
If infection is severe, blood tests may be performed. There is usually no need for imaging tests in cases of pilonidal cysts.
Are there any home remedies for a pilonidal cyst?
Home remedies are aimed at relieving pain and swelling. These home treatments include the following:
- Sitz baths: Sitting in a tub of warm water up to the hips can relieve pain and may reduce the chances the cyst will worsen.
- Vitamin C and zinc supplements can help in the healing process. Vitamin A also helps with tissue repair. Consult a doctor for the right dose of these supplements.