SIDE EFFECTS: Excessive sweating (diaphoresis) is a frequent side effect of pilocarpine. Other side effects include:
- excessive tearing,
- voice change,
- stuffy nose,
- increased need to urinate,
- visual disturbances,
- difficulty swallowing,
- abdominal pain,
- slow or increased heart rate,
- and high or low blood pressure.
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 5 and 7.5 mg.
STORAGE: Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F).
DOSING: Oral pilocarpine usually is taken three or four times daily. The recommended dose for radiation induced xerostomia is 5 to 10 mg three times daily.
The dose for xerostomia associated with Sjögren's syndrome is 5 mg four times daily. The maximum effect occurs in approximately one hour but may occur later if it is taken with food. The effects last three to five hours.
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