What Medications Treat Phobias?
Antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be used to treat phobias. Sometimes medications are used alone or along with another treatment such as desensitization therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), fluvoxamine (Luvox), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and citalopram (Celexa) are examples of SSRIs.
Beta-blockers are medications that counteract the effect of adrenaline in the body. These medications may be used to treat phobias. Propranolol (Inderal) is one kind of beta-blocker. Benzodiazepines are another class of medication that may be used to treat phobias. These medications promote relaxation, but they are highly addictive and overdose may be associated with very serious consequences. Mixing alcohol with benzodiazepines can be deadly. For these reasons, benzodiazepines are not frequently used to treat phobias. Medications in this class include clonazepam (Klonopin), alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), and diazepam (Valium).