Phimosis and Paraphimosis (Penis Disorders)

  • Medical Author:
    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.

  • Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
    John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

    John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

    John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.

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Can phimosis and paraphimosis be prevented?

Circumcision can prevent paraphimosis and phimosis.

What is the prognosis for phimosis and paraphimosis?

The prognosis for phimosis is usually very good. A small amount of bleeding can occur as the skin is retracted but long term negative outcomes are very rare.

The prognosis for paraphimosis depends on the speed of diagnosis and reduction.

There can be serious complications, however, if there is significant reduction of blood flow for an extended time period. Gangrene of the tip of the penis and even loss of the tip is possible.

Medically reviewed by Michael Wolff, MD; American Board of Urology


Reddy S, Jain V, Dubey M, Deshpande P, Singal AK. Local steroid therapy as the first-line treatment for boys with symptomatic phimosis - a long-term prospective study. Acta Paediatr. 2012 Mar;101(3):e130-3.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/23/2016

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  • Phimosis - Symptoms

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  • Paraphimosis - Causes

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  • Paraphimosis - Symptoms

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  • Paraphimosis - Treatment

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