phenytoin, Dilantin, Dilantin Infatabs, Phenytek, Phenytoin Infatabs (cont.)

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Children and young adults can develop overgrowth of the gums during long-term therapy which requires regular treatment by a dentist. Good oral hygiene and gum massage may reduce the risk. R

ashes can occur in between 1 in 20 and 1 in 10 persons; some may be severe. Additionally, darkening coloration of the skin may develop (more commonly in women). Phenytoin can produce unusual growth of hair in some patients. This reaction most commonly affects the arms and legs but can also affect the trunk and face; it may be irreversible.

Various lymph node reactions have been reported with phenytoin therapy. Lymph nodes may swell, sometimes painfully.

Phenytoin causes serum glucose (sugar) to rise. Thus, blood sugar should be monitored closely when phenytoin is administered to patients with diabetes.

Phenytoin can potentially injure the liver although this is an uncommon occurrence.

Phenytoin can cause the platelet or white blood cell counts to drop, increasing the risk of bleeding or infection, respectively. Phenytoin also can cause anemia.

Because it interferes with vitamin D metabolism, phenytoin can cause weakening of the bones (osteomalacia).

Other important side effects caused by phenytoin include sexual dysfunction, such as:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/28/2015

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