Vomiting in Dogs (cont.)

Home Treatment of Vomiting

If there is any question about the cause or seriousness of the vomiting, seek veterinary help. Vomiting dogs can rapidly become dehydrated as they lose body fluids and electrolytes. Home treatment is appropriate only for normal, healthy adult dogs who show no signs other than vomiting. Puppies, dogs with preexisting health conditions, and old dogs are less able to tolerate dehydration and should be treated by a veterinarian.

An important initial step is to rest the stomach by withholding food and water for a minimum of 12 hours. If the vomiting stops with stomach rest, the dog can be permitted to lick a few ice chips every three to four hours. If the vomiting has stopped, offer 1/4 to 1/2 cup of water (63 to 125 ml), depending on the size of the dog, every two to three hours. A pediatric electrolyte solution can be given in small amounts, in addition to the water. After 12 hours with no vomiting, start the dog on a bland diet.

Stop all food and water and obtain immediate veterinary assistance when:

  • Vomiting persists despite the fact that the dog has received no food or water for several hours.
  • Vomiting recurs during attempts to reintroduce food and water.Vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea.
  • The dog vomits fresh blood or material that looks like coffee grounds (partially digested blood).
  • The dog becomes weak and lethargic or shows other signs of systemic illness.

This article is excerpted from “Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook” with permission from Wiley Publishing, Inc.