Skin Lumps and Bumps in Dogs: What You Should Know
You're on the couch, cozied up with your canine buddy, and you feel a bump. You try to remember when you last nuzzled this exact little spot. And before you know it, your mind is racing with questions. Is this lump new? What is it?
Quickly, this leads you to the ultimate concern: Could it be cancer? Without a vet's expertise or test results, it's easy for our minds to get carried away and think the worst.
Most lumps are fatty tumors, though. These are benign, meaning not cancerous. Fewer than half of lumps and bumps you find on a dog are malignant, or cancerous. Still, they can look the same from the outside, so it’s hard to tell.
Unless you’re sure about the cause of a lump or bump, bring your dog in for an exam. If you see fast growth, redness, swelling, pus, an opening, or if the dog is in pain, make that appointment even sooner.
The same goes for lumps that are in certain areas, like the face or paws, where surgery -- if needed -- is more complicated, the bigger the growth.
Your vet will want to know:
Often, the vet will remove some cells from the lump with a fine needle. She'll then look at them under the microscope. Sometimes she can tell right away if it’s a fatty tumor.
If it's too hard to tell, your vet will take a small tissue sample from the lump and send it out for a biopsy. In a few days, you'll find out if it's cancerous. If so, surgery can usually remove the lump.
The bigger concern is if the cancer has already spread to other parts of the body. If so, your pet may need radiation or chemotherapy, or both.
Types of Lumps and Bumps
These are common in dogs:
If your dog has a lump, even if you find out it isn't cancerous, keep a close eye out for others, and have new ones tested.
If your pal has lots of bumps and lumps, your vet might make a chart of their locations and sizes to make it easier to keep track of what's new and what's changed.
You can do this yourself, too. A convenient time to check your dog's body is during grooming. The more familiar you are with his body, the quicker you'll know if something isn’t quite right. Plus, more petting means more TLC, and what’s not to love about that?
WebMD Medical Reference
Michelle Giuffrida, VMD, DACVS, lecturer in surgical oncology, the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
Joe Kinnarney, DVM, president-elect, American Veterinary Medical Association; companion animal practitioner; president and chief executive officer, Reidsville Veterinary Hospital, Reidsville, NC.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Office of Public Engagement: "What to Do About Lumps on Your Pet"
Dog Health Guide: "Diagnosis and Treatment of Dog Lumps on Skin."
National Canine Cancer Foundation: “Mast Cell Tumors.”
The Merck Veterinary Manual: "Connective Tissue Tumors."
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