Kidney Problems in Dogs (cont.)

How Can Kidney Problems Be Prevented?

To prevent kidney problems due to poisoning, make sure your dog does not have access to potentially dangerous substances and that she is supervised at all times when outside. Do not give your dog any over-the-counter medications without instruction by your veterinarian, and make sure that your dog has access to fresh water at all times. Proper oral hygiene helps to maintain good overall health.

How Are Kidney Problems Treated?

It is important to kidney failure be identified and treatment begun it its earliest stage. Your veterinarian can determine if kidney disease is present and start appropriate treatment. Depending on whether the problem is acute or chronic, treatment may include the following:

• Drugs that encourage urine production

• Fluid therapy

• Management of blood electrolyte abnormalities

• Monitoring of urinary output

• Control of vomiting

• Medication for gastrointestinal problems

• Dialysis

• Dietary management

• Correction of anemia

• Management of high blood pressure

• Therapy for any specific underlying causes identified (example: antifreeze toxicity, infection)

What Happens if Kidney Problems Go Untreated?

Kidney problems often lead to life-threatening conditions that require immediate hospitalization and treatment. If left untreated, end-stage kidney failure will occur, leading to a fatal outcome.

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