My Dog is Drooling Excessively
It's a fact of life: Dog's drool. Glands in your dog's mouth produce saliva, which is an enzyme-rich liquid that helps lubricate your dog's food and begins the digestive process while she is chewing.
But you can have too much of a good thing. Excessive salivation is not normal. In fact, in extreme cases it can lead to dehydration. In order to figure out why your dog is producing so much saliva, you need to get a good look inside her mouth.
What to Do
Here's what to do, depending on what you found:
Foreign objects Look for anything that obviously doesn't belong in your dog's mouth, such as wood splinters, fish hooks, bone fragments, or bits of plant matter or fabric. These could be embedded in your dog's gums or tongue or wedged between her teeth or across the roof of her mouth.
If you find a foreign object in your dog's mouth, use common sense to decide whether it is something you feel comfortable attempting to remove. First, consider the immediate results, both those hoped for and those dreaded. For instance, if there is a large wood splinter stuck in your dog's throat, does it look like it can simply be dislodged, or is it embedded in tissue and cause more pain, damage, or bleeding if you try to extract it? When in doubt, check with your dog's vet.
If you find one injury, don't stop there. Complete your exam in case there are others, making note of each one as you go. Scrutinize the teeth as well. Sometimes a hairline crack right at the border of the gums can extend into the root, causing pain and salivation. You might see a lot of blood. Since the area inside a dog's mouth is loaded with blood vessels, injuries there bleed a lot. For the same reason, small cuts, scratches, and even ulcerations in the mouth often heal quickly without you doing a thing.
As long as the bleeding is not excessive, place some hydrogen peroxide on a cotton swab or gauze pad and place it on your dog's wound. The hydrogen peroxide is a disinfectant and it can also clean the area so you can get a better look at it.
If you spot signs of infection, take them seriously. You can probably take care of a small amount of pus, irritation, or even mild gingivitis by simply dedicating yourself to a strict tooth-brushing schedule. But most of the time oral infections need veterinary treatment since they can lead to more serious infections such as bacterial endocarditis-an infection of the heart.
If you discover any fractured teeth, your dog is probably going to need some veterinary attention. Only the simplest cracks and breaks, right near the tip of the tooth and not exposing any of the pulp cavity, can safely be left untreated.
Warts are the only oral masses you can ignore. They typically go away on their own. Any other swellings, enlargements, or abnormal growths in the mouth should be seen by a veterinarian.
Excessive salivation is rarely cause for a high-speed dash to an emergency room, but it is important enough to address and resolve.
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