- Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Slideshow
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- Patient Comments: Whooping Cough (Pertussis) - Experience
- Patient Comments: Whooping Cough (Pertussis) - Symptoms
- Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
- What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
- What causes whooping cough?
- Is whooping cough contagious?
- What is the contagious period for whooping cough?
- What are risk factors for whooping cough?
- How long does the whooping cough vaccine last?
- What is the incubation period for whooping cough?
- What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
- How long does whooping cough last?
- What does whooping cough sound like?
- How is whooping cough transmitted?
- Can adults get whooping cough?
- What specialists treat whooping cough?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose whooping cough?
- What is the treatment for whooping cough?
- What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
- What are possible complications of whooping cough?
- Is it possible to prevent whooping cough? Is there a whooping cough vaccine?
- Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
Quick GuideWhooping Cough (Pertussis) Symptoms, Vaccine Facts
What specialists treat whooping cough?
Whooping cough may be treated by primary-care providers, including internists, pediatricians, and family medicine specialists. In some cases, infectious-disease specialists may be consulted.
How do health-care professionals diagnose whooping cough?
When a patient has the typical symptoms of whooping cough, the diagnosis can be made from the clinical history. However, the disease and its symptoms, including its severity, can vary among affected individuals. In cases in which the diagnosis is not certain or a doctor wants to confirm the diagnosis, laboratory tests can be carried out. Culture of the bacterium Bordetella pertussis from nasal secretions can establish the diagnosis. Another test that has been used to successfully identify the bacterium and diagnose whooping cough is the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test that can identify genetic material from the bacterium in nasal secretions.
What is the treatment for whooping cough?
Antibiotics directed against Bordetella pertussis can be effective in reducing the severity of whooping cough when administered early in the course of the disease. Antibiotic therapy can also help reduce the risk of transmission of the bacterium to other household members as well as to others who may come into contact with an infected person. Unfortunately, most people with whooping cough are diagnosed later with the condition in the second (paroxysmal) stage of the disease.
Treatment with antibiotics is recommended for anyone who has had the disease for less than three to four weeks. Azithromycin (Zithromax), clarithromycin (Biaxin), erythromycin (E-Mycin, Eryc, Ery-Tab, PCE, Pediazole, Ilosone), and sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra) are antibiotics that have been shown to be effective in treating whooping cough. It is unclear whether antibiotics have any benefit for people who have been ill with whooping cough for longer than three to four weeks, although antibiotic therapy still is often considered for this group. There is no proven effective treatment for the paroxysms of coughing that accompany whooping cough.
Antibiotics also are routinely administered to people who have had close contact with an infected person, regardless of their vaccination status.
Do not give an infected child cough syrup or cough medicines unless instructed to do so by a doctor. They have not been shown to be of benefit, and they may cause sedation that leads to worsened outcomes.