Causes of Abdominal Pain
The term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain that originates from organs within the abdominal cavity.
There are numerous causes of abdominal pain, and include, but are not limited to:
- Indigestion after eating
- Gallstones and gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
- Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease)
- The definition of peritonitis is
inflammation of the peritoneal membranes.
- The signs and symptoms of peritonitis
mainly abdominal pain or discomfort but may include many others such as
- The causes of peritonitis are usually
infectious bacteria that may include underlying conditions such as
- The most common type of peritonitis is
secondary peritonitis caused by perforation of an organ in the abdomen (for
example, abdominal perforation by stabbing, ruptured appendix, and many others);
spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) also is relatively common.
- Peritonitis may be treated by many
different specialists depending upon its underlying cause.
- Peritonitis is diagnosed by the patient's
history, physical exam, and examination of fluid and the abdominal cavity for
CT scan of the abdomen also
may be ordered.
- The treatment for peritonitis usually
involves treating the underlying cause and removing the cause of the
inflammation. Most patients with peritonitis are treated with antibiotics.
- The complications of peritonitis may
include sepsis, dehydration,
hepatic encephalopathy, shock and even death.
- Peritonitis can be prevented by
eliminating the underlying causes and, in some individuals, by antibiotic
- The prognosis for a person with
peritonitis depends on its underlying cause and/or how rapidly the patient is
effectively treated, especially for infectious bacteria. The prognosis may
range from good (appendicitis, for example) to poor (hepatorenal syndrome).
What is peritonitis?
The definition of peritonitis is as follows: inflammation of the peritoneum
(the thin layer of tissue covering the inside of the abdomen and various organs
within the abdomen). Peritonitis usually develops from a bacterial or less
frequently, fungal infection; but there are other less often encountered causes
of peritoneal inflammation.
Most individuals need quick or emergent treatment of
peritonitis due to infection because infecting organisms can spread rapidly in
individuals and become life-threatening.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/11/2016