Peptic Ulcer Disease

  • Medical Author:
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

  • Medical Editor: Bhupinder Anand, MD
Take the Tummy Trouble Quiz

Bleeding Ulcers: Symptoms and Causes

Bleeding ulcers are a big deal. Often having endoscopy is diagnostic and therapeutic. A gastroenterologist can use a fiberoptic camera to view the inside of the stomach and duodenum, searching for a source of bleeding.

Symptoms of a bleeding ulcer include:

  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal discomfort after eating
  • Upper abdominal burning or hunger pain 1 to 3 hours after eating or in the middle of the night

Quick GuideHealthy Eating Pictures Slideshow: Super Steps to Boost Digestive Health

Healthy Eating Pictures Slideshow: Super Steps to Boost Digestive Health

Peptic ulcer facts

  • Peptic ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach or duodenum.
  • Peptic ulcer formation is related to H. pylori bacteria in the stomach and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) in 50% of patients. For the remaining 50% there are miscellaneous or unknown causes.
  • Ulcer pain may not correlate with the presence or severity of ulceration.
  • The main symptom of a peptic ulcer is upper abdominal pain which can be dull, sharp, or burning. (Bloating and burping are not symptoms of peptic ulcer, and vomiting, poor appetite, and nausea are uncommon symptoms of peptic ulcer.)
  • Diagnosis of an ulcer can be made with an upper GI series or endoscopy.
  • Treatment of ulcers involves antibiotic combinations along with stomach acid suppression to eradicate H. pylori, or eliminating precipitating factors such as NSAIDs and stomach acid suppression with medications alone .
  • Complications of ulcers include bleeding, perforation, and blockage of the stomach (gastric obstruction).
  • If a person with peptic ulcers smokes or take NSAIDs, the ulcers may recur after treatment.

What is a peptic ulcer?

A peptic ulcer is a break in the inner lining of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. A peptic ulcer of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer; of the duodenum, a duodenal ulcer; and of the esophagus, an esophageal ulcer. Peptic ulcers occur when the lining of these organs is corroded by the acidic digestive (peptic) juices which are secreted by the cells of the stomach. A peptic ulcer differs from an erosion because it extends deeper into the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum and excites more of an inflammatory reaction from the tissues that are involved.

Peptic ulcer disease is common, affecting millions of Americans yearly. Moreover, peptic ulcers are a recurrent problem; even healed ulcers can recur unless treatment is directed at preventing their recurrence. The medical cost of treating peptic ulcer and its complications runs into billions of dollars annually. Recent medical advances have increased our understanding of ulcer formation. Improved and expanded treatment options now are available.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/26/2016

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters

Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

VIEW PATIENT COMMENTS
  • Peptic Ulcer - Symptoms

    What were your symptoms of your peptic ulcer?

    Post View 31 Comments
  • Peptic Ulcer - Treatments

    What kinds of treatments did you receive for your peptic ulcer?

    Post View 4 Comments
  • Peptic Ulcer - Causes

    In your opinion, what was the cause of a peptic ulcer in you, a friend, or relative?

    Post View 3 Comments
  • Peptic Ulcer - Complications

    Did you experience any complications with your peptic ulcer? Please share your story.

    Post View 3 Comments

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors