- Cancer 101 Pictures Slideshow
- Breast Cancer Slideshow
- Skin Cancer Slideshow
- Patient Comments: Penis Cancer - Stages
- Find a local Oncologist in your town
- Penis cancer facts*
- What is penile cancer?
- What are causes and risk factors of penile cancer?
- What are signs and symptoms of penis cancer?
- What tests to health-care professionals use to diagnose penis cancer?
- What factors affect the prognosis and treatment of penile cancer?
- What are the stages of penile cancer?
- What are the treatment options for patients with penile cancer?
- What penis cancer treatments are being tested in clinical trials?
- What are penile cnacer treatment options by stage?
- What are treatment options for recurrent penile cancer?
Signs of penile cancer include sores, discharge, and bleeding.
These and other signs may be caused by penile cancer or by other conditions. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following:
- Redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis.
- A lump on the penis.
Tests that examine the penis are used to detect (find) and diagnose penile cancer.
The following tests and procedures may be used:
- Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking the penis for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
- Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. The tissue sample is removed during one of the following procedures:
- Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy: The removal of tissue or fluid using a thin needle.
- Incisional biopsy: The removal of part of a lump or a sample of tissue that doesn't look normal.
- Excisional biopsy: The removal of an entire lump or area of tissue that doesn't look normal.
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
- The stage of the cancer.
- The location and size of the tumor.
- Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back).