GENERIC NAME: penicillin V
DISCONTINUED BRANDS: Veetids, Pen-Vee-K
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
- Penicillin V is effective for treatment of laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and soft tissue and skin infections caused by susceptible bacteria.
- It also is used for preventing recurrence of rheumatic fever and chorea (a disorder of uncontrolled movement of the body).
- Only mild to moderate infections are treated with oral penicillin V.
- Patients with more severe infections are given penicillin by injection.
Common side effects of penicillin V include:
- abdominal pain,
- black hairy tongue,
- rash, and
Patients with a history of allergic reactions to other penicillins should not receive penicillin V. Persons who are allergic to the cephalosporin class of antibiotics, which are related to the penicillins, for example, cefaclor (Ceclor), cephalexin (Keflex), and cefprozil (Cefzil), may or may not be allergic to penicillins.
Serious but rare reactions include:
- hemolytic anemia,
- super infection,
- reduced kidney function,
- severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), and
- low platelet or red blood cell count.
Penicillins can alter the normal bacteria in the colon and encourage overgrowth of some bacteria such as Clostridium difficile which causes inflammation of the colon (pseudomembranous colitis). Patients who develop signs of pseudomembranous colitis after starting penicillin (diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and possibly shock) should contact their doctor immediately.
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