pemoline, Cylert

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NOTE: March 25, 2005, pemoline (Cylert) has been withdrawn from the market because of declining sales.

GENERIC NAME: pemoline


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Pemoline is an oral drug that is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as part of an overall treatment program for children with ADHD. Pemoline has effects that are similar to methylphenidate (Ritalin) which also is used to treat ADHD. Pemoline and methylphenidate both have the ability to stimulate the brain, probably by affecting neurotransmitters, the chemicals in the brain that nerves use to communicate with each other. Although both drugs are considered stimulants, they have different effects on neurotransmitters in the brain. Pemoline was approved for use by the FDA in 1975.


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