Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease facts*

*Pelvic inflammatory facts medical author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman's pelvic organs including the uterus (womb), Fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease develops as the result of spread of a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease are caused by gonorrhea and/or Chlamydia.
  • Young, sexually active women with multiple sex partners are at greatest risk for pelvic inflammatory disease .
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease many not produce any symptoms. In other cases it can cause fever, abdominal or pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, painful urination, or painful sexual intercourse.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease is treated with antibiotics.
  • Complications of untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can include scarring of the pelvic organs and infertility.

What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman's pelvic organs. The pelvic organs include the uterus (womb), fallopian (fuh-LOH-pee-uhn) tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/31/2015

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Pelvic pain testing

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Symptoms

Even if you have pelvic inflammatory disease, you might not have symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they could be severe. The most common symptom of pelvic inflammatory disease is pain in your lower abdomen. Other symptoms that you may or may not have include

  • Fever
  • Vaginal discharge that may have an odor
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Pain in the upper right abdomen (rare)

Sometimes pelvic inflammatory disease comes on suddenly with extreme pain and fever, especially if it is caused by gonorrhea.

SOURCE: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.