Pelvic Exam Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Pelvic Exam that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment of uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge resulting from an overgrowth of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bacterial Vaginosis Article
    • Bacterial vaginosis facts
    • What is bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
    • What causes bacterial vaginosis?
    • Is bacterial vaginosis contagious?
    • How is bacterial vaginosis diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies for bacterial vaginosis?
    • What is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are complications of bacterial vaginosis?
  • Genital Herpes in Women Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms of genital herpes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Herpes in Women Article
    • Genital herpes in women facts
    • What is genital herpes?
    • What causes genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes diagnosed?
    • Can genital herpes be cured?
    • What is the treatment for genital herpes?
    • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes managed in pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for genital herpes?
    • Can genital herpes be prevented?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, formerly referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance or overgrowth of certain types of bacteria within the vagina. Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bacterial Vaginosis Article
    • What is bacterial vaginosis?
    • What is the cause of bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
    • What are the complications of bacterial vaginosis?
    • How is bacterial vaginosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bacterial vaginosis?
    • Can bacterial vaginosis be prevented?
  • Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Article
    • Kidney infection facts
    • What is the function of the kidneys?
    • Where are the kidneys located?
    • What is a kidney infection?
    • What are the causes of kidney infection?
    • What are risk factors for kidney and urinary tract infection?
    • Is screening recommended for UTI or kidney infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney infection?
    • How is kidney infection diagnosed?
    • What are different types of kidney infection?
    • What are the common bacteria that cause kidney infections?
    • What is the treatment for kidney infection?
    • Are there foods I should avoid if I have a kidney infection?
    • Can kidney infection be prevented?
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular or abnormal vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Article
    • Vaginal yeast infection facts
    • What is a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
    • How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What over-the-counter medications are available to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • When are oral prescription medications used to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • Can a man get a yeast infection from his sexual partner?
    • What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?
    • What is the treatment for yeast infection in men?
    • How can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?
    • How can a man protect himself from contracting a yeast infection from his partner?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Trichomoniasis (Vaginal Infection) Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite passed from person to person. Trichomoniasis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichomoniasis (Vaginal Infection) Article
    • Trichomoniasis facts*
    • What is trichomoniasis and how do you get it?
    • What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
    • Is there a test for trichomoniasis?
    • How is trichomoniasis treated?
    • What happens if I don't get treated?
    • Should I tell my partner if I have trichomoniasis?
    • Does trichomoniasis cause problems during pregnancy?
    • How is trichomoniasis prevented?
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) facts*
    • What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
    • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How is pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosed?
    • How is pelvic inflammatory disease treated?
    • What if my partner is infected with pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • My friend was told she can't get pregnant because she has PID. Is this true?
    • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
    • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)?
  • Genital Warts (HPV) Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. HPV is primarily transmitted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts (HPV) Article
    • Genital warts (HPV) facts
    • What are human papillomaviruses (HPVs)?
    • How common is HPV infection?
    • What are the symptoms of genital warts?
    • How is HPV infection diagnosed?
    • Is there a DNA test for types of HPV infection?
    • How are genital warts diagnosed?
    • External genital warts
    • Precancerous changes (dysplasia) of the uterine cervix
    • Can HPV infection be prevented?
    • What should one do if exposed to a person with genital warts?
  • Vaginitis Vaginitis refers to inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis can be caused by infections, menopause, or poor hygiene. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginitis Article
    • Vaginitis facts
    • What is vaginitis?
    • What causes vaginitis?
    • What are the risk factors for vaginitis?
    • What are the symptoms of vaginitis?
    • How is vaginitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for vaginitis?
    • Medications to treat vaginitis
    • Can vaginitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for vaginitis?
  • Chlamydia in Women Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia, a bacterial infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia in Women Article
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What causes chlamydia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?
    • How is chlamydia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia?
    • What is the prognosis for chlamydia?
    • Can chlamydia be prevented?
  • Gonorrhea In Women Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection transmitted during sexual contact. In women, symptoms include a yellow vaginal discharge,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gonorrhea In Women Article
    • Gonorrhea facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • What is gonorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
    • How is gonorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gonorrhea?
  • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a condition in which there is an absense of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea, 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amenorrhea Article
    • Amenorrhea facts
    • What is amenorrhea?
    • What causes amenorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
    • When should I seek medical care for amenorrhea?
    • How is amenorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amenorrhea?
    • What are the complications of amenorrhea?
    • Can amenorrhea be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a woman suffering from amenorrhea?
  • Overactive Bladder Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...learn more »
    In This Article
    Overactive Bladder Article
    • Overactive bladder facts
    • What is an overactive bladder?
    • What are the causes of overactive bladder?
    • Are there any risk factors for overactive bladder?
    • What are symptoms of an overactive bladder?
    • How is overactive bladder diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for an overactive bladder?
    • What is the role of medications in treating overactive bladder?
    • What are treatments for the chronically incontinent?
    • What measures can be taken at home to prevent overactive bladder symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of overactive bladder?
    • What is the prognosis for overactive bladder?
  • Cervical Dysplasia Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which the cells of the inner lining of the cervix have precancerous changes. There are two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Dysplasia Article
    • Cervical dysplasia facts
    • What is cervical dysplasia?
    • What causes cervical dysplasia?
    • Are there symptoms of cervical dysplasia?
    • How is cervical dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is cervical dysplasia classified?
    • What are the treatments for cervical dysplasia?
    • Carbon dioxide laser photoablation
    • Cryotherapy
    • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    • Cold knife cone biopsy (conization)
    • Hysterectomy
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for cervical dysplasia?
    • Can cervical dysplasia be prevented?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Syphilis in Women Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spiral-shaped type of bacteria known as a spirochete. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Syphilis in Women Article
    • What is syphilis?
    • What causes syphilis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis?
    • What tests are used to diagnose syphilis?
    • What is the treatment for syphilis?
    • What are the potential complications of syphilis?
    • What is the prognosis for syphilis?
    • Can syphilis be prevented?
  • Vaginal Cancer Vaginal cancer is fairly uncommon. There are two types of vaginal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Cancer Article
    • Vaginal cancer facts*
    • What is vaginal cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors for vaginal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of vaginal cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose vaginal cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for vaginal cancer?
    • How is staging determined for vaginal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for vaginal cancer?
    • Treatment options by stage
    • Treatment options for recurrent vaginal cancer
    • Where can I find more information about vaginal cancer?
  • Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but some common symptoms include mood changes, headaches, lower back pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Article
    • 8 fast pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Pregnancy symptoms in general
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • 8 signs and symptoms of later pregnancy
    • 8 options for relief of pregnancy symptoms
  • Urethral Cancer Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Cancer Article
    • Urethral cancer facts*
    • What is urethral cancer?
    • What are risk factors for urethral cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urethral cancer?
    • How is urethral cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral cancer?
    • How is staging of urethral cancer determined?
    • What are the treatment options for urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for posterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent urethral cancer?
    • Where can people find more information about urethral cancer?
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Pregnancy: Bleeding During the First Trimester Bleeding during the first trimester of a pregnancy may be caused by implantation bleeding, changes in the cervix, infections, a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy: Bleeding During the First Trimester Article
    • Bleeding during the first trimester overview
    • When should you call your doctor about bleeding during the first trimester?
    • What is implantation bleeding during the first trimester?
    • What are other causes of bleeding during the first trimester?
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy Planning Facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers

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