passion flower (Passiflora incarnata, Apricot Vine, Passion Vine, Water Lemon, and many others)

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)

BRAND NAME: Apricot Vine, Passion Vine, Water Lemon, and many others

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Passion flower is plant used for making medicine to treat several conditions. Passion flower may have effects that are similar to benzodiazepines (for example diazepam [Valium]) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs (for example, selegiline). Passion flower has calming, sleep inducing, and muscle spasm relieving effects. Check with your health care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements.

PRESCRIPTION: No

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Passion flower is available in tablets, dried extract, liquid extract, and tincture formulations.

STORAGE: Due to multiple manufacturers making different forms of passion flower, storage requirements may vary based on individual manufacturer practices.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Passion flower is commonly used for anxiety disorders, trouble sleeping, opiate withdrawal symptoms, upset stomach, irregular heart rate, high blood pressure, burns, and hemorrhoids.

DOSING:

Adults (According to the Univ. Maryland, children should not be given passion flower without a doctor's supervision and dose adjustment.):

Anxiety disorders

  • Liquid extract: Take 45 drops by mouth daily.
  • Tablet: Take up 90 mg by mouth daily.

Opiate withdrawal

  • Liquid extract: Take 60 drops by mouth daily.

General dosing

  • Dried extract: Take 0.25 to 2 grams by mouth three times a day.
  • Tea: Take 0.25 to 2 grams extract per 150 ml of water, by mouth two to three times a day and 30 minutes before bedtime.
  • Liquid extract: Take 0.5 to 1 ml by mouth three times a day.
  • Tincture: Take 0.5 to 2 ml by mouth three times a day.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Passion flower should be used with caution with sedative medications, like alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), temazepam (Restoril), and zolpidem (Ambien), due to increased risks of excessive sleepiness and sedation.

Passion flower should be used with caution with blood pressure medications like enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), atenolol (Tenormin), amlodipine (Norvasc), and furosemide (Lasix). Passion flower also has blood pressure lowering effects and blood pressure may drop too low in individuals taking blood pressure medications.

Individuals should check with their physicians before using this supplement.

PREGNANCY: Passion flower may cause the uterus to contract and may be unsafe for the mother and the fetus. Passion flower is not recommended for use in pregnant females.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether passion flower enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to avoid using it while nursing.

SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of passion flower are dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, decreased blood pressure, and abnormal heart rate and rhythm.

REFERENCES:

Medscape. Passion Flower (Herbs/Suppl) - apricot vine, corona de cristo, Fleischfarbige, fleur de la passion, flor de passion, maypop, passiflora incarnata, passion vine, purple passion flower, water lemon, wild passion flower.

MedlinePlus. Passionflower.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Passionflower.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/11/2014



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