passion flower (Passiflora incarnata, Apricot Vine, Passion Vine, Water Lemon, and many others)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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What is passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Passion flower is plant used for making medicine to treat several conditions. Passion flower may have effects that are similar to benzodiazepines (for example diazepam [Valium]) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs (for example, selegiline). Passion flower has calming, sleep inducing, and muscle spasm relieving effects. Check with your health care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements.

What brand names are available for passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

Apricot Vine, Passion Vine, Water Lemon, and many others

Is passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

No

What are the side effects of passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

Common side effects of passion flower are

Quick GuidePortion Control Tips: Lose Weight and Stick to Your Diet

Portion Control Tips: Lose Weight and Stick to Your Diet

What is the dosage for passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

Children should not be given passion flower without a doctor's supervision and dose adjustment.

Adults

Anxiety disorders

  • Liquid extract: Take 45 drops by mouth daily.
  • Tablet: Take up 90 mg by mouth daily.

Opiate withdrawal

  • Liquid extract: Take 60 drops by mouth daily.

General dosing

  • Dried extract: Take 0.25 to 2 grams by mouth three times a day.
  • Tea: Take 0.25 to 2 grams extract per 150 ml of water, by mouth two to three times a day and 30 minutes before bedtime.
  • Liquid extract: Take 0.5 to 1 ml by mouth three times a day.
  • Tincture: Take 0.5 to 2 ml by mouth three times a day.

Which drugs or supplements interact with passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

: Passion flower should be used with caution with sedative medications, like alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), temazepam (Restoril), and zolpidem (Ambien), due to increased risks of excessive sleepiness and sedation.

Passion flower should be used with caution with blood pressure medications like enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), atenolol (Tenormin), amlodipine (Norvasc), and furosemide (Lasix). Passion flower also has blood pressure lowering effects and blood pressure may drop too low in individuals taking blood pressure medications.

Individuals should check with their physicians before using this supplement.

Is passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

It is not known whether passion flower enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to avoid using it while nursing.

What else should I know about passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral?

What preparations of passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral are available?

Passion flower is available in tablets, dried extract, liquid extract, and tincture formulations.

How should I keep passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)-oral stored?

There are several formulations and manufacturers of passion flower. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations.

REFERENCES:

Medscape. Passion Flower (Herbs/Suppl) - apricot vine, corona de cristo, Fleischfarbige, fleur de la passion, flor de passion, maypop, passiflora incarnata, passion vine, purple passion flower, water lemon, wild passion flower.

MedlinePlus. Passionflower.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Passionflower.

Last Editorial Review: 9/18/2015

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Reviewed on 9/18/2015
References
REFERENCES:

Medscape. Passion Flower (Herbs/Suppl) - apricot vine, corona de cristo, Fleischfarbige, fleur de la passion, flor de passion, maypop, passiflora incarnata, passion vine, purple passion flower, water lemon, wild passion flower.

MedlinePlus. Passionflower.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Passionflower.

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