Parkinson's Disease Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Parkinson's Disease. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Parkinson's Disease or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Muscle Cramps Muscle cramps are involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscles that do not relax. Extremely common, any muscles that have...learn more »
  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness/vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Fainting (Syncope) Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fainting (Syncope) Article
    • Fainting (syncope) Facts
    • Introduction to fainting (syncope)
    • What causes fainting (syncope)?
    • Heart rhythm changes
    • Heart structural conditions
    • Heart valve conditions
    • Sudden cardiac death
    • Postural hypotension
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Anemia
    • Dehydration
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Vertebrobasilar artery disease
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    • Other medications and drugs
    • Pregnancy
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fainting (syncope)?
    • How is fainting (syncope) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fainting (syncope)?
    • Can fainting (syncope) be prevented?
  • Tremors Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tremors Article
    • What is tremor?
    • What causes tremor?
    • What are the characteristics of tremor?
    • What are the different categories of tremor?
    • How is tremor diagnosed?
    • Are there any treatments for tremor?
    • What research is being done on tremor?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysphagia Article
    • Dysphagia facts
    • What is dysphagia?
    • What causes dysphagia?
    • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
    • Diseases of the brain
    • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
    • Diseases of the skeletal muscle of the pharynx
    • Miscellaneous diseases
    • What are the symptoms of dysphagia?
    • Swallowing related symptoms
    • Non-swallowing related symptoms
    • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
    • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
    • How is dysphagia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
    • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) is a neurological disease that progresses rapidly. The disease attacks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Article
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis facts*
    • What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
    • Who gets ALS?
    • What are the symptoms of ALS?
    • How is ALS diagnosed?
    • What causes ALS?
    • How is ALS treated?
    • What research is being done on ALS?
    • How can I help research for ALS?
    • Where can I get more information about ALS?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Overactive Bladder Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...learn more »
    In This Article
    Overactive Bladder Article
    • Overactive bladder facts
    • What is an overactive bladder?
    • What are the causes of overactive bladder?
    • Are there any risk factors for overactive bladder?
    • What are symptoms of an overactive bladder?
    • How is overactive bladder diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for an overactive bladder?
    • What is the role of medications in treating overactive bladder?
    • What are treatments for the chronically incontinent?
    • What measures can be taken at home to prevent overactive bladder symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of overactive bladder?
    • What is the prognosis for overactive bladder?
  • Bladder Spasms People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Spasms Article
    • What do bladder spasms feel like?
    • Who is most likely to develop bladder spasms?
    • What causes bladder spasms?
    • What are nervous system disorders that lead to bladder spasms?
    • Which types of surgery may lead to bladder spasms?
    • What are other causes of bladder spasms?
    • What is the treatment for bladder spasms?
    • What are complementary and alternative therapies for bladder spasms?
    • When should someone see a doctor for bladder spasms?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What are the causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • What is the prognosis of a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...learn more »
    In This Article
    Huntington's Disease Article
    • Huntington's disease facts*
    • Introduction to Huntington's disease
    • What causes Huntington's disease?
    • How is Huntington's disease inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and major effects of Huntington's disease?
    • At what age does Huntington's disease appear?
    • How is Huntington's disease diagnosed?
    • What is presymptomatic testing?
    • How is the presymptomatic test conducted?
    • How does a person decide whether to be tested?
    • Is there a treatment for Huntington's disease?
    • What kind of care does an individual with Huntington's disease need?
    • What community resources are available for Huntington's disease?
    • What research is being done on Huntington's disease?
    • How can I help?
    • What is the role of voluntary organizations?
    • Where can I get more information about Huntington's disease?
  • Taste Disorders The most common taste disorder is phantom taste perception; that is, a lingering, often unpleasant taste even though you have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Taste Disorders Article
    • Taste disorders facts*
    • How common are taste disorders?
    • How does our sense of taste work?
    • What are the taste disorders?
    • What causes taste disorders?
    • How are taste disorders diagnosed?
    • Are taste disorders serious?
    • Can taste disorders be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can young men get erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can erectile dysfunction be prevented?
  • Smell Disorders Reduction of the sense of smell is termed hyposmia. Total inability to detect odors is termed anosmia. Smell disorders have many...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smell Disorders Article
    • smell_disorder_facts
    • How does our sense of smell work?
    • What are the smell disorders?
    • What causes smell disorders?
    • How are smell disorders diagnosed?
    • Are smell disorders serious?
    • Can smell disorders be treated?
    • What research is being done?
    • What can I do to help myself?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What acute situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Stem Cells Stem cells are referred to as undifferentiated cells due to the fact that they have not yet committed to a developmental path to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stem Cells Article
    • Stem cell facts
    • What are stem cells?
    • Why are stem cells important?
    • What are some different types of stem cells?
    • Embryonic stem cells
    • Fetal stem cells
    • Adult stem cells
    • Peripheral blood stem cells
    • Umbilical cord stem cells
    • Induced pluripotent stem cells
    • Why is there controversy surrounding the use of stem cells?
    • What are some stem cell therapies that are currently available?
    • What are experimental treatments using stem cells and possible future directions for stem cell therapy?
  • Urinary Incontinence There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in men facts*
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) introduction
    • What causes urinary incontinence (UI) in men?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) diagnosed?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) treated?
    • How do you do Kegel exercises?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Parkinson's Disease: Eating Right Eating a well-balanced and nutritional diet is very beneficial to people with Parkinson's disease. With a proper diet, our...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease: Eating Right Article
    • Introduction to eating right with Parkinson's disease
    • The basics of eating right with Parkinson's disease
    • Medication and food interactions
    • Controlling nausea
    • Relieving thirst/dry mouth
    • I am too tired to eat in the evening, what should I do?
    • I don't feel like eating, what should I do?
    • How can I make eating more enjoyable?
    • Maintaining your weight with parkinson's disease
    • Here are some high-calorie recipes to try.
  • Depression in the Elderly Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in the Elderly Article
    • How does depression in the elderly differ from depression in younger adults?
    • How is insomnia related to depression in the elderly?
    • What are risk factors for depression in the elderly?
    • What types of treatment are available for depression in the elderly?
    • How do antidepressants relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Can psychotherapy help relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Who may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    • What other problems affect treatment of depression in the elderly?
  • Hospice Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hospice Article
    • Hospice facts
    • What is hospice care?
    • Why is hospice important?
    • What is the history of hospice?
    • What are the main goals of hospice care?
    • What are some misconceptions about hospice care?
    • What kinds of services does hospice care provide?
    • Are hospice services available for children?
    • Can hospice care be offered at home?
    • What are some medical conditions commonly referred to hospice?
    • How is referral to hospice made?
    • How does hospice care work?
    • Who is part of the hospice team?
    • What is respite care?
    • Who is eligible for hospice care?
    • Who pays for hospice care?
    • How can people find and choose hospice care?
    • What questions should people ask of hospice agencies?
    • Where can a person find more information about hospice care?
  • Parkinson's Disease Clinical Trials Before participating in a clinical trial for Parkinson's disease consider the risks and the benefits. You should know about who...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Clinical Trials Article
    • Introduction to clinical trials for Parkinson's Disease
    • What is a clinical trial?
    • How does the process work?
    • What are the advantages of participating in a clinical trial?
    • What are the disadvantages of participating in a clinical trial?
    • How would my care be different if I participated in a clinical trial?
    • What is informed consent?
    • Who can participate in a clinical trial?
    • What is it like to participate in a clinical trial?
    • Important questions to ask
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information