Pap Smear Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Pap Smear that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Menopause Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menopause Article
    • Menopause facts
    • What is menopause?
    • At what age does a woman typically reach menopause?
    • What conditions can affect the timing of menopause?
    • What are the symptoms of menopause?
    • What are the complications and effects of menopause on chronic medical conditions?
    • Are hormone levels or other blood tests helpful in detecting menopause?
    • What are the treatment options for the symptoms of menopause?
    • Hormone therapy for menopause
    • Other medical therapies for menopause
    • Alternative therapies for menopause
    • Non-hormone therapies for menopause
    • Lifestyle factors in managing menopause symptoms
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Borderline ovarian tumors
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • The statistics for ovarian cancer
    • What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is the uterus?
    • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
    • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
    • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
    • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
    • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
    • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
    • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
    • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
    • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Article
    • Vaginal yeast infection facts
    • What is a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
    • How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What over-the-counter medications are available to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • When are prescription medications used for a vaginal yeast infection?
    • Can a man get a yeast infection from his sexual partner?
    • What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?
    • What is the treatment for yeast infection in men?
    • How can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?
    • How can a man protect himself from contracting a yeast infection from his partner?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Genital Warts (HPV) Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. HPV is primarily transmitted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts (HPV) Article
    • Genital warts (HPV) facts
    • What are human papillomaviruses (HPVs)?
    • How common is HPV infection?
    • What are the symptoms of genital warts?
    • How is HPV infection diagnosed?
    • Is there a DNA test for types of HPV infection?
    • How are genital warts diagnosed?
    • How is infection with HPV treated?
    • External genital warts
    • Precancerous changes (dysplasia) of the uterine cervix
    • Can HPV infection be prevented?
    • What should one do if exposed to a person with genital warts?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, formerly referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Gonorrhea In Women Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection transmitted during sexual contact. In women, symptoms include a yellow vaginal discharge,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gonorrhea In Women Article
    • Gonorrhea facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • What is gonorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
    • How is gonorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gonorrhea?
  • Chlamydia in Women Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia, a bacterial infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia in Women Article
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What causes chlamydia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?
    • How is chlamydia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia?
    • What is the prognosis for chlamydia?
    • Can chlamydia be prevented?
  • Cervical Dysplasia Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which the cells of the inner lining of the cervix have precancerous changes. There are two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Dysplasia Article
    • Cervical dysplasia facts
    • What is cervical dysplasia?
    • What causes cervical dysplasia?
    • Are there symptoms of cervical dysplasia?
    • How is cervical dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is cervical dysplasia classified?
    • What are the treatments for cervical dysplasia?
    • Carbon dioxide laser photoablation
    • Cryotherapy
    • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    • Cold knife cone biopsy (conization)
    • Hysterectomy
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for cervical dysplasia?
    • Can cervical dysplasia be prevented?
  • Uterine Growths Benign uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the female womb (uterus). Three types of benign uterine growths are uterine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Growths Article
    • What are uterine growths?
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for uterine fibroids
    • Other medical treatment for uterine fibroids
    • What are the complications of uterine fibroids?
    • What is adenomyosis?
    • What are the symptoms of adenomyosis and what do they look like?
    • How is adenomyosis diagnosed?
    • How is adenomyosis treated?
    • What are uterine polyps?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine polyps and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine polyps diagnosed and treated?
  • Syphilis in Women Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spiral-shaped type of bacteria known as a spirochete. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Syphilis in Women Article
    • What is syphillis?
    • What causes syphillis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis?
    • What tests are used to diagnose syphilis?
    • What is the treatment for syphilis?
    • What are the potential complications of syphilis?
    • What is the prognosis for syphilis?
    • Can syphilis be prevented?
  • Vaginal Cancer Vaginal cancer is fairly uncommon. There are two types of vaginal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Cancer Article
    • Vaginal cancer facts*
    • What is vaginal cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors for vaginal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of vaginal cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose vaginal cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for vaginal cancer?
    • How is staging determined for vaginal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for vaginal cancer?
    • Treatment options by stage
    • Treatment options for recurrent vaginal cancer
    • Where can I find more information about vaginal cancer?
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Sexual Health Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Health Article
    • What is the most common cause of sex problems among men and women?
    • What is the most common sexual problem in men?
    • What is the true definition of erectile dysfunction -- and what are the most common causes?
    • What causes sexual dysfunction in women?
    • What causes pain in the penis?
    • Why do some women have painful intercourse?
    • What is retrograde ejaculation, and how is it treated?
    • Is having an erection for an extended period of time dangerous?
    • Which medications commonly cause sex problems for men or women?
    • Is it true that sex can actually give some people a headache?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers

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