Pap Smear Index

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A Pap smear (Pap test) is a medical procedure to screen for abnormal cells of the cervix. A woman should have her first Pap smear (in general) three years after vaginal intercourse, or no later than 21 years of age. The risks for women at increased risk for having an abnormal Pap smear include: HPV (genital warts), smoking, a weakened immune system, medications (diethylstilbestrol), and others. Some of the conditions that may result in an abnormal Pap smear include: absence of endocervical cells, unreliable Pap smear due to inflammation, atypical squamous cells (ASCUS), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and carcinoma in situ.

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    • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cervical Cancer Article
      • Cervical cancer facts*
      • What is the cervix?
      • What is cancer?
      • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
      • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
      • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
      • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
      • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
      • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
      • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
      • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
    • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Uterine Cancer Article
      • Uterine cancer facts
      • What is the uterus?
      • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
      • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
      • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
      • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
      • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
      • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
      • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
      • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
      • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
      • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
      • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
      • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
      • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
    • Menopause Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause...learn more »
      In This Article
      Menopause Article
      • Menopause facts
      • What is menopause?
      • At what age does a woman typically reach menopause?
      • What conditions can affect the timing of menopause?
      • What are the symptoms of menopause?
      • What are the complications and effects of menopause on chronic medical conditions?
      • Are hormone levels or other blood tests helpful in detecting menopause?
      • What are the treatment options for menopause?
      • Hormone therapy for menopause
      • Other pharmaceutical therapies for menopause
      • Alternative medical therapies for menopause
      • Non-pharmaceutical therapies for menopause
      • Lifestyle factors in controlling the symptoms and complications of menopause
    • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ovarian Cancer Article
      • What is ovarian cancer?
      • Epithelial ovarian cancer
      • Borderline ovarian tumors
      • Germ cell ovarian cancers
      • Stromal ovarian cancers
      • The statistics for ovarian cancer
      • What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?
      • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
      • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
      • What is the prognosis of ovarian cancer?
      • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
      • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
      • Gonorrhea
      • Chlamydia
      • Syphilis
      • Genital Herpes
      • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
      • Chancroid
      • Ectoparasitic Infections
      • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
      • Hepatitis B
      • Hepatitis C
      • Conclusions
    • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
      In This Article
      Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Article
      • Vaginal yeast infection facts
      • What is a vaginal yeast infection?
      • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
      • How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
      • Are there home remedies to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
      • What over-the-counter medications are available to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
      • When are oral prescription medications used to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
      • Can a man get a yeast infection from his sexual partner?
      • What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?
      • What is the treatment for yeast infection in men?
      • How can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?
      • How can a man protect himself from contracting a yeast infection from his sexual partner?

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Terms related to Pap Smear:

  • Cervical Cancer Screening Test
  • Pap Test
  • Test, Pap