Pain Management Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Pain Management. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Pain Management or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sciatica Sciatica pain, caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve, typically radiates from the low back to behind the thigh to below the...learn more »
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Back Pain Article
    • Low back pain facts
    • What is the anatomy of the low back?
    • What is the function of the low back?
    • What are common causes of lower back pain?
    • What are other causes of lower back pain?
    • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
    • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
    • How is low back pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low back pain?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
    • Can low back pain be prevented?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What causes sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • How can sacroiliac joint dysfunction be prevented?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Article
    • What is neck pain? What are causes and risk factors for neck pain?
    • What are other symptoms that are associated with neck pain?
    • What are the structures of the neck?
    • How is neck pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neck pain? What are home remedies for neck pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neck pain?
    • Is it possible to prevent neck pain?
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • What is a pinched nerve?
    • What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
    • What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
    • Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Shoulder and Neck Pain Shoulder and neck pain may be caused by bursitis, a pinched nerve, whiplash, tendinitis, a herniated disc, or a rotator cuff...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shoulder and Neck Pain Article
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Overview
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Causes
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Diagnosis
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Follow-up
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Prevention
    • Shoulder and Neck Pain Prognosis
  • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arthritis Article
    • Arthritis facts
    • What is arthritis? What causes arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for arthritis?
    • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • Who is affected by arthritis?
    • How is arthritis diagnosed, and why is a diagnosis important?
    • What is the treatment for arthritis?
    • Is there a special diet for arthritis?
    • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
    • Can arthritis be prevented?
    • What is a rheumatologist?
    • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
  • Whiplash Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whiplash Article
    • Whiplash facts
    • What is whiplash?
    • What causes whiplash?
    • What are the symptoms of whiplash?
    • How is whiplash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whiplash?
    • What can be done to prevent whiplash?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Article
    • Degenerative disc disease and sciatica facts
    • How is the spine designed?
    • What is the purpose of the spine and its discs?
    • What causes degenerative disc disease?
    • What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?
    • What are radiculopathy and sciatica? What are the symptoms?
    • How are degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica diagnosed?
    • How is radiculopathy treated?
    • What is bony encroachment and spinal stenosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) of degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica?
    • Can degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica be prevented?
  • Spondylolisthesis The five types of spondylolisthesis include 1) dysplastic, 2) isthmic, 3) degenerative, 4) traumatic, and 5) pathologic. The most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spondylolisthesis Article
    • Spondylolisthesis facts
    • What is spondylolisthesis?
    • What causes spondylolisthesis?
    • What are the risk factors for spondylolisthesis?
    • What are the symptoms of spondylolisthesis?
    • How is spondylolisthesis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for spondylolisthesis?
    • Can spondylolisthesis be prevented?
    • What are the complications of spondylolisthesis?
    • What is the outlook for spondylolisthesis?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • How is pain treated?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Appendix
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Chondromalacia patella (housemaid's knee or secretary's knee) results from misalignment of the kneecap as it slides over the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Article
    • Chondromalacia patella facts
    • What is chondromalacia patella (patellofemoral syndrome)?
    • What causes chondromalacia patella?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of chondromalacia patella?
    • How is chondromalacia patella diagnosed?
    • How is chondromalacia patella treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with chondromalacia patella?
    • Can chondromalacia patella be prevented?
  • Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that causes damage to the nerves; this is related to the blood glucose of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetic Neuropathy Article
    • Diabetic neuropathy facts
    • What is diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are the types of diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diabetic neuropathy?
    • How is diabetic neuropathy diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are self-care measures to help relieve diabetic neuropathy?
    • Can diabetic neuropathy be prevented?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by an injury, and infection in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trigeminal Neuralgia Article
    • Introduction to trigeminal neuralgia
    • What is trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What causes trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What are the symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia?
    • How is trigeminal neuralgia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trigeminal neuralgia?
  • Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Facial nerve disorders affect the muscles of the face. There are many causes of facial nerve disorders including trauma, nervous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Article
    • Facial nerve problems and Bell's palsy facts
    • What is the facial nerve?
    • What are symptoms of a facial nerve problem?
    • What conditions affect the facial nerve?
    • How are the causes of facial nerve dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is and what causes Bell's palsy?
    • What are the symptoms of Bell's palsy?
    • What is the mechanism of injury in Bell's palsy?
    • What are treatment options of facial nerve paralysis?
    • What is the treatment for eye problems from facial nerve disorder?
    • What surgical reconstruction options are available?
    • What is the prognosis for facial nerve problems?
    • Can facial nerve problems be prevented?
  • Herniated Disc A herniated disc may be caused by injury or degeneration from age. Symptoms depend on the location of the herniation and whether...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herniated Disc Article
    • Herniated disc facts
    • How are the spine and its discs designed?
    • What is a herniated disc? What causes it?
    • What are symptoms of a herniated disc?
    • How is a herniated disc diagnosed?
    • How is a herniated disc treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for a herniated disc?
    • Can a herniated disc be prevented?
  • Postherpetic Neuralgia Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful complication of shingles. Symptoms include severe pain, itchy skin, and possible...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postherpetic Neuralgia Article
    • Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) facts
    • What is postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What causes postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are the risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are postherpetic neuralgia symptoms and signs?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia diagnosed?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia treated?
    • How long does postherpetic neuralgia last?
    • What are the complications of postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What is the prognosis for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • Can postherpetic neuralgia be prevented?
  • Back Pain Back pain may be caused by sciatica, a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, fibromyalgia, injury and pregnancy. Possible symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Back Pain Article
    • Low Back Pain Overview
    • Low Back Pain Causes
    • Low Back Pain Symptoms
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Low Back Pain Exams and Tests
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Low Back Pain Medications
    • Low Back Pain Surgery
    • Other Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Low Back Pain Prevention
    • Low Back Pain Prognosis
  • Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuropathic Pain Article
    • What is neuropathic pain?
    • What are the risk factors for neuropathic pain?
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuropathic pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neuropathic pain?
    • Can neuropathic pain be prevented?
  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition in which high levels of nerve impulses are sent to an affected site is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Article
    • Introduction to Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
    • What Causes Complex Regional Pain Syndrome?
    • What Are the Symptoms of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome?
    • How Is Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Diagnosed?
    • How Is Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Treated?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
  • Repetitive Motion Disorders (RMDs) Repetitive motion disorders (RMDs) are muscular conditions that result from repeated motions. Carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger...learn more »
    In This Article
    Repetitive Motion Disorders (RMDs) Article
    • What are repetitive motion disorders (RMDs?
    • Is there any treatment for repetitive motion disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for repetitive motion disorders?
    • What research is being done for repetitive motion disorders?
  • Hospice Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hospice Article
    • Hospice facts
    • What is hospice care?
    • Why is hospice important?
    • What is the history of hospice?
    • What are the main goals of hospice care?
    • What are some misconceptions about hospice care?
    • What kinds of services does hospice care provide?
    • Are hospice services available for children?
    • Can hospice care be offered at home?
    • What are some medical conditions commonly referred to hospice?
    • How is referral to hospice made?
    • How does hospice care work?
    • Who is part of the hospice team?
    • What is respite care?
    • Who is eligible for hospice care?
    • Who pays for hospice care?
    • How can people find and choose hospice care?
    • What questions should people ask of hospice agencies?
    • Where can a person find more information about hospice care?
  • Cancer Pain Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Pain Article
    • Introduction
    • What causes cancer pain?
    • What are the symptoms of cancer pain?
    • What medicines are used to treat cancer pain?
    • How else can cancer pain be treated?

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